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• Seating arrangement of reasoning for Ibps PO

Aug 30 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 2990 Views

How to prepare seating arrangement of reasoning for Ibps PO

Hello Friends,

As you know Reasoning is very important section in all government exams. Same as In IBPS PO,  reasoning plays a very important role. To score good marks in this section we must know the exam structure and important topics.

Exam Structure for reasoning and importance of seating arrangement of reasoning for IBPS exams-

The exam structure of IBPS PO is mentioned below-

Preliminary Exam Structure for IBPS PO-

You should check How to prepare reasoning for Bank PO

 Sl. No. TestName No. of Questions Marks 1 Reasoning 35 35

Main Exam Structure for IBPS PO-

 Sl. No. Test Name No. of Questions Marks Version Time Allotted to each test 1 Reasoning 50 50 English/hindi 40 Minutes

List of important topics-

1. Seating Arrangement
2. Direction and Distance
3. Blood Relation
4. Inequality
5. Order and Ranking
6. Classification test
7. Syllogism

What is seating arrangement – Seating arrangement is a sub topic of puzzle type questions. It covers all questions that is related to arrangement of seating of persons in any order. Seating arrangement of reasoning is one of most important topic.

 Problem Solving/Puzzle 1.Classification Test 2.Seating arrangement 3.Sequential order of Things 4.Family based problem puzzle 5.Comparison type Puzzle 6.Selection based puzzle

Importance of Seating Arrangement- Seating arrangement is very important topic as compare to other topics in reasoning for IBPS PO. To score good marks in reasoning we have to give more attention to this topic as it gains more weightage than the other topics.

In preliminary exam it comes with  15-20 marks

And

In Mains Exam it comes with 10-15 marks

What types of Question comes in seating arrangement- In sitting arrangement,We have three types/forms of questions-

1)Line/Row-Single questions and Parallel rows questions– In these types of question we have to sit down the persons on a single row/line or on parallel rows.

2)Circular table questions- In this type of question persons are seated around a circular table.

These questions come in 2 cases.

Case 1: When all are facing the centre or when all are facing the outside.

Case 2: When some of the people are facing the centre while some others are facing outside(i.e. In a direction opposite to the centre).

These questions became tricky when they come with extra features of persons like their professions, gender, department etc..we have to assign these features/specifications to which they belong .

3)Square/Rectangle/Pentagon/Hexagon/Octagon/Decagon table questions- In this types of question persons are seated around shapes such as square, rectangle, pentagon, hexagon etc.

These questions come in 2 cases.

Case 1: When all are facing the centre or when all are facing the outside.

Case 2: When some of the people are facing the centre while some others are facing outside(i.e. In a direction opposite to the centre).

These questions became tricky when they come with extra features of persons like their professions, gender, department etc.. We have to also assign these features/specifications to which they belong .

Time Management – Time is very important factor in reasoning questions and this topic takes lots of time to solve these questions. For time management we must find tricks and shortcuts for these questions. We know that any question of seating arrangement come with at least  5 to 6 marks weightage so i am deciding to take 5-6 minutes to solve complete question.

We must solve the information given for these questions within 4 minutes and should take 1 minute to answer the questions based on these information.

For Ex-Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:-

A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H are sitting around a circle,facing the centre.A sits fourth to the right of H while second to the left of F.C is not the neighbour of F and B.D sits third to the right of C.H never sits next to G. (Bank PO 2008)

Q1.Who amongst the following sits between B and D?

Q2.Which of the following pairs sit between H and G?

Q3.Who is immediate right of A?

Q4.Who sits second to the right of B?

Q5.Which is the position of B with respect of C?

To solve the information in red colour you should take 4-5 minutes and for the Q1 to Q5 you should take only one minute.

Tricks to solve Sitting Arrangement questions-  you can find tricks on seating arrangement by clicking on below links.

Practice- Last but not least this topic demands lots of practice. The one who do as much as practice on this topic, the more proficient he/she can be in this topic .

So work hard, do practice and enjoy reasoning.

Best of Luck

Above research on Seating arrangement for Bank PO exam have been developed by best bank Po coaching of Noida

• How to prepare for quantitative aptitude for bank PO exams

Aug 21 • Bank • 2698 Views

Tips for Quantitative Aptitude for bank PO exams
Start preparing for the exam as early as you can but here we will discuss on how to prepare for quantitative aptitude for bank PO exams . You should put in at least 2 to 3 hours every day for the preparation of this section.In case if you miss out for some reason on a given day, make up for it on the other day or at the end of the week for sure because in QA continuity in practice is a very important thing.

IBPS PO coaching in Noida
Make your calculation very fast and this can be done by learn tables up to 30 and better if you learn up to 50.
Similarly you have to learn squares up to 50 and cubes up to 20
Additionally, learn the tricks to find out squares quickly It really will make your calculation speed faster and increase your question solving ability. Most of the candidates fails due to lack of time and major part of their time is wasted on calculations in quantitative and reasoning section
Do not preoccupy your mind about the cut-off as it varies from year to year. If it has come down this year, there is no reason to believe that it will not increase in the next year. So it is in your interest to maximize your attempts and to give your best shot during the exam.

Exam pattern for IBPS PO
There are two papers in IBPS PO
IBPS prelim exam

 Test No. of questions Marks Time duration Quantitative aptitude 35 35 Reasoning 35 35 English 30 30 Total 100 100 1 hour

2. IBPS main exams
Test                                                          No. of questions            Marks                      Time duration
Quantitative aptitude                                   50                               50
English                                                            40                               40
Reasoning                                                       50                               50
General awareness                                        40                               40
Computer knowledge                                    20                              40
Total                                                               200                             200                           140 minutes

Full syllabus of IBPS PO quantitative aptitude for bank PO contains.
Number system, HCF and LCM, Simplification, ratio, mixtures and alligations, average, percentage, profit and loss, discounts, simple and compound interest, time and work, pipe and cistern, time and distance, boat and stream, mensuration, geometry, inequalities, approximate value, algebra (specially quadratic equations), permutation and combination, probability, data sufficiency and data interpretation

Topics                                                                                Average marks

Number system                                                                        3

Average                                                                                      1

Percentage                                                                                 1

Ratio                                                                                           1

Mixtures and alligations                                                        1

Profit and loss                                                                          2

Simple interest and Compound interest                            1

Time and work                                                                          2

Time and distance                                                                  2

Mensuration                                                                             1

Simplification                                                                           5

Permutation combination and probability                         5

Sequence and series                                                                 5

Data interpretation                                                                 15

The topics in red are very important because they cover an average of 70% marks of your quantitative aptitude portion.
So if you have less time then prepare these five topics and you will get about 35 marks

And finally don’t forget to practise previous year questions and practise online test also

• How to Prepare Reasoning for Bank PO Prelims in 2 months

Aug 20 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 2046 Views

How to Prepare Reasoning for Bank PO in 2 months.

Hello Friends,

As you know, Preliminary exam for IBPS PO will be conduct in the mid of October (16/10/2016, 22/10/2016 and 23/10/2016 -Tentative dates as mentioned in the official advertisement).From Now approximately 2 months are left for the preliminary exam.

We have to make schedule of all subjects so that we could prepare for all the subjects till the exam date. Here we are giving you some tricks and tasks, by which you can prepare reasoning in just 2 months.

Best bank PO coaching in Noida

1. Firstly we must know the exam pattern of Bank PO preliminary exam-

Preliminary Exam Structure for Bank PO-

Sr No TestName No. of Questions Marks Duration
1 Reasoning 35 35  1 hour
2 English 30 30
3 Quantitative Aptitude 35 35

Total No of Questions-100

Total Marks-100

2)Set the Goal-

Before preparing for the exam, you must set your goal regarding the time duration and number of

ssc coaching of Noida Plutus academy

questions you will attempt in  this exam-

As we have 1 hour for all sections.I will suggest you to take 20-25 minutes out for 60 min for reasoning.

And

Attempt at least 15-20 questions for reasoning  to clear this section.

3)Remember the Penalty Criteria (Negative Marking)-

As you know there is a penalty in the preliminary exam of ibps po.

Penalty rule- one fourth or 0.25 of the marks assigned to that question will be deduct as the penalty to arrive at corrected score.

So, Attempt only those questions, to which you are very much sure for the answer.

4)Check out the full syllabus and mark the important topics-

For full syllabus of reasoning for IBPS PO –

Now firstly prepare only important topics as listed below then go for remaining topics-

1. Sitting Arrangement
2. Direction and Distance
3. Blood Relation
4. Inequality
5. Order and Ranking
6. Classification test
7. Syllogism

In the above list ,”Sitting arrangement” is the vast, important and time consuming topic and most of the questions asked in exam are from this topic. It covers 10 to 12 marks so prepare this topic efficiently.

5)For the above topics find shortcuts and tricks-

Prepare topics with tricks and shortcuts.

Here are some links from which you can learn tricks-

6)Prepare Previous year papers,Model test papers and Practice Sets-

After understanding all the tricks do practice of model test papers, previous year papers and practice set-

For Previous year questions and practice set visit here-

“Best of Luck”

• Series-Part2(Number Test)

Aug 3 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 769 Views

Series-Part2 (Number Test)
Q1.How many 6s are there in the following number series,each of which is immediately preceded by 1 or 5 and immediately followed by 3 or 9. (Bank PO 2005)

2 6 3 7 5 6 4 2 9 6 1 3 4 1 6 3 9 1 5 6 9 2 3 1 6 5 4 3 2 1 9 6 7 1 6 3
a)None b)One c)Two d)Three e)None of these

Q2.In the series given below,count the number of 9s,each of which is not immediately preceeded by 5 but is immediately followed by either 2 or 3.How many such 9s are there? (SSC 2002)

1 9 2 6 5 9 3 8 3 9 3 2 5 9 2 9 3 4 8 2 6 9 8
a)One b)Three c)Five d)Six e)none

Q3.If the following series is written in the reverse order,which number will be fourth to the right of the seventh number from the left? (RRB 2005)

7 3 9 7 0 3 8 4 6 2 1 0 5 11 13
a)0 b)5 c)9 d)11 e)None of these

Q4.The position of the first and fifth digits in the number 83256479 are interchanged similarly the positions of the second & sixth digits are interchanged & so on.Which of the following will be the third to the right of the seventh digit from the right end after rearrangement? (Bank PO 2004)
a)3 b)5 c)7 d)9 e)None of these

Q5.The position of how many digits in the number 321465987 will remain same when the digits are arranged in ascending order? (Bank Clerk 2005)
a)None b)One c)Two d)Three e)Four

Q6.How many combinations of two digit number having 8 can be made from the following number? (SSC 2001)
8 , 5 , 2 , 1 , 7 , 6
a)11 b)10 c)5 d)9 e)none of these

Q7.In the number from 100 to 1000,How many times digits 1 comes at ten’s place? (SSC SGL)
a)100 b)90 c)80 d)none e)99

These questions have been contributed by best bank coaching of Noida

For below series,answers the following questions?
517 325 639 841 792 (Bank PO)

Q8.What will be the first digit of the second highest number after the positions of only the second and the third digits within each number are interchanged?
a)2 b)9 c)7 d)3 e)none of these

Q9.What will be the difference between the first digit of the highest number as well as of the lowest number after the position of the first two digits in each number are reversed.
a)6 b)8 c)9 d)7 e)none

Q10.What will be the last digit of the third number from top when they are arranged in descending order after reversing the position of the digits within each number?
a)5 b)2 c)3 d)7 e)none

Q11.What will be the middle digit of the second lowest number after the position of only the first and second digits within each number are interchanged?
a)3 b)5 c)8 d)1 e)none

Above questions of reasoning have been designed for students preparing for baning exams and SSC exams reasoning questions.

• Reasoning-Series

Aug 2 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 1688 Views

SERIES

In this type of question a series of alphabetical Letters or numbers are given and each series follow a certain pattern throughout the series. We will have to identify the pattern and answer the given questions accordingly.

There are so many types of series questions, In which we have to complete the given series or fill the missing term.

TYPE-I Completion of Series

Complete the following series.

Ex-1.             2 4 8 16 32 ?

a)60    b) 64   c) 65   d) none of these

Ex-2.            19    12       7     4      ?

a)1    b) 2     c) 3         d) none of these

Ex-3.   1  2   5   7  7  9  11  ?

a)9         b) 10            c) 11           d) 13           e) none of these

Ex-4 0  1  2  2  2  4  3  3  3  6  5  5  5  5  8  7  7   7  7  7  7  10  9  9  9  9  9  9  ?

a)11          b) 12             c) 9            d) 8           e) none of these

Previous Years Questions-

Q1.            3, 5, 9, 17, ?                        (SSC CGL 2015-Ist sitting)

a)42          b) 26              c) 65            d) 33

Q2.             1 2 2 4 3 8 7 10 ?              (SSC CGL 2015-IInd sitting)

a)11             b) 13       c) 9        d) 8

Q3.               1 2 _ 4 1 _ 3 4 1 2 3 _ _ 2 3 4 (SSC CGL-2015 Ist  Sitting)

a)3241           b) 2134         c) 1432           d) 3212

Q4.Which of the following will come next in the following series?(Bank Of India-Banking Officer 2010)

9  1  9  8  2  9  8  7  3  9  8  7  6  4  9  8  7  6  5  5  9  8  7  6  5  4  6  9  8  7  6  5  4  ?

a)7      b) 8        c) 3        d) 2         e) 4

Q5.                 8_1           67_        _53           2_4 (UBI PO-2010)

a)9,2,3,4      b) 2,9,4,3           c) 9,2,4,3        d) 3,9,2,4        e) 4,9,2,3

TYPE-2 Completion of Series with one missing term

Ex-5.          APZ BQY CRX DSW ?

a)ETV          b) DXV          c) FWX           d) EVX           e)None

Ex-6.           Z  WV  SRQ  NMLK  ?

a)HEFED       b) HGFED               c) JKLMN           d) GHLKJ              e) None

Ex-7.             10za         8yb        6xc           ?          2ve

a)3wd       b) 5we         c) 4dw      d) 4wd         e) None

Ex-8.             a*b     ef*         i*j          *po         ?

a)#vu       b) u*v            c) *ku      d) \$vu        e) None

Q6. BMRG,   DLTF,   FKVE,    HJXD,    ? (SSC CGL Tier-I 2011)

a)JIZC          b) JZIB        c) GIFB         d) MOLC

Q7. A, CD, GHI, ? , UVWXYZ (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)

a)LMNP          b) MNOL         c) NOPL          d) MNOP

Q8. FAK        IEM      LIO         ?         (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)

a)OMQ         b) OPQ          c) MNO          d) NOP

Q9. Y9B*       W*D7        *U5F      ?      (SBI Associate Bank PO 2002)

a)S3H*         b) T#H*       c) T*#H      d) S*H5          e)SH*1

TYPE-3 Completion of Series with set of Letters

Ex-9.           p  _  q  r  r  _  s  _  _  s  t  _  t   t   _

Q10.  a _ _ b a b b a _ a b b a _ b a          (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

a)abab       b) abba      c) aabb            d) aaab

Q11.  m_o_omo_n_nono_             (UBI AAO 2012)

a)Nomon        b) mnmon         c) nnmmm          d) monno

TYPE-4 Find out the wrong number in the sequence.

Q12. 102,     101,   98,    93,    86,    74,     66,    53 (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

a)101          b) 66          c) 74          d) 93

Q13.Find out the number that does not belong to the group for lack of common property.

169    289       361   442   484    729     (SSC CGL Prelim exam 2002)

a)484    b)442    c)361    d)289

TYPE-5 Find out the Term that is following the set of rules mentioned in given questions-

Q14. Number of letters skipped in between adjacent letters in the series increases by one. Which of the following series observes this rule ? (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

a)WBKQXYF             b) WYBFKQX           c) YBQQFHN     d) WZCHJMQ

Q15. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word RECOVERED, which have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet? (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)

a)Three     b) Four      c) Six         d) Five

TYPE-6 Completion of Series with one,two or many missing terms.

Q16. Select from the alternatives an appropriate term that is identical to the term given in the question. (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)

A C E G

a)IJLM        b) OQSU       c) BDEF       d) GHJN

Q17.    ZA5,     Y4B,      XC6,   W3D,      ?  (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

a)VE7          b) E7V           c) V2E          d)VE5

Q18.

5  9  ? = 84

8  6  4 = 56

7  3  7 = 70   (SSC Exam)

a)4        b) 7             c) 5          d) 6

Reasoning Short tricks of Series contributed by one of the best SSC coaching of Noida Plutus academy

Aug 2 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 1701 Views

As we know, Classification means to assort or classify the items of a given group on the basis of certain quality and then spot out the stranger or odd one.

In this type of questions, you will have certain items of a group,out of which except one all will be similar. we have to identify the odd one item which does not have the same similarity as others.

TYPE 1: Choosing the Odd Word.

Ex 1. Carrot Radish Potato Tomato Ginger
Answer-Tomato(as except tomato all vegetable are grown under the surface of the soil)

Ex 2. Eye Tongue Nails Ear Nose
Answer-Nails(as except nails all are sense organs)

Ex 3. Trouser Pent Legging Skirt Shorts
Ex 4. Ostrich Kiwi Penguin Sparrow Emu
Ex 5. Sun Tree River Mountain Glacier
Ex 6. Keyboard Mouse Scanner Speaker Light Pen
Ex 7. Cube Circle Rectangle Square Triangle
Ex 8. Armour Ring Bangle Bracelet Anklet
Ex 9. April January March July May
Ex 10. Cycle Car Bus Scooter Auto

Previous year Questions

Q1. Night Morning Noon Evening                                (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)
Q2. Century Decadent Year Month                             (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)
Q4. Botany English Physics Chemistry                    (SSC CGL Tier-I 2012)

TYPE 2:  Choosing the odd pair of words.

Ex 11. Glass-Water Cup-Tea Ink-pot-Ink Bat-Ball
Ex 12. Big-Small Hard-Soft Sweet-sour Pointed-Blunt
Ex 13. Horse-mare Dog-Puppy Cat-Kitten Cow-Calf
Ex 14. Wood-Chair Steel-Utensils Milk-Butter Water-Oxygen

Previous year Questions

Q 5. Time:Seconds Pressure:Barometer Length-Meter Volume: Litre                                                                         (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)
Q 6. Debit-Credit Profit-Gain Income-Expenditure assets-Liabilities                                                                         (FCI Assistant Grade-II)
Q 7. Mother-Daughter Uncle-Nephew Father-Son Brother-Sister                                                                                                                 (SSC CML 2002)
Q 8. Leather-Footwear Wood-Furniture Earthen Pots-Clay Gold-Ornaments None                                                                                (SBI PO 2001)

TYPE 3:  Choosing the Odd Numeral

Ex 15. 17 51 85 119 136
Ex 16. 8214 7503 4164 7610
Ex 17.  125 64 216 29 8
Ex 18.   522 325 215 815 623
Q 9. 29 85 147 125 53                                                        (RBI Grade-B Officer)
Q10. 162 405 567 644                                                       (SSC CGL Tier-I 2011)

Previous year Questions

Q11.Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group.Which is the one that does not belong to that group?        (SBI PO Tier-I 2008)

1. 169        b) 225          c) 289           d) 441          e) 255

Q12. 5061 4025 7202 6023                                              (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)

TYPE 4: Choosing the ODD Numeral Pair/Group

Ex-19. 11-4 3-6 7-9 2-4
Ex-20. 8-56 28-4 9-72 14-98

Previous year Questions

Following Question Prepared by Best Bank Coaching in Noida

Q13. 31-64 26-48 43-65 34-56                                           (SSC Assistant 2012)
Q14. 14-16 56-64 77-88 80-93                                        (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)
Q15. 140-45 120-35 110-35 80-25                                             (LIC AAO 2009)

TYPE 5: Choosing the ODD Letter Group

Ex-22 AZD JQM DWF GTJ

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Previous year Questions

Q16 HK BD FI MP SV                                                                    (BOM PO 2008)
Q17. GFHJ CBEF EDGH IHKL                                     (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)
Q18.Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?                                                                                                                   (CBI PO 2010)

1. LOJ         b) FID          c) RUP             d) ILN            e) CFA

Q19. LNOR TRPS CEFI GIJM                                       (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)

Q20. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence from a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?                                                                                                                         (SBI SO 2014)

1. PTSQ               b) UYXV                 c) INMJ           d) KONL              e) DHGE

Type -I

Ex-1 Tomato                     Ex-2 Nails                            Ex-3 Skirt
Ex-4 Sparrow                   Ex-5 Sun                               Ex-6. Speaker
Ex-7. Cube                        Ex-8. Anklet                         Ex-9  April
Ex-10 Cycle                       Q1. Noon                               Q2. Decadent
Q3. Heed                           Q4. English

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Type-2

Ex-11 Bat Ball                         Ex-12 Pointed-Blunt                     Ex-13 Horse-Mare
Ex-14 Water-Oxygen            Q5. Pressure-Barometer              Q6. Profit-Gain
Q7. Brother-Sister                 Q8. Earthen Pot-Clay

Type-3

Ex-15  136               Ex-16  7610                   Ex-17 29                        Ex-18  623
Q9.   125                  Q10. 644                        Q11. (e) 255                  Q12. 5061

Type-4

Ex-19  2-4                Ex-20. 9-72                   Q13 31-64                       Q14 80-93
Q15 110-35               Q16 BD

TYPE 5

Ex 21. RuY               Ex-22 DWF                    Q17. GFHJ                        Q18. ILN
Q19. CEFI                Q20. (c)

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• Reasoning Series Questions

Jul 31 • Bank, Reasoning Notes • 827 Views

Reasoning Series Questions

Reasoning Series Questions

In this type of question a series of alphabetical Letters or numbers are given and each series follow a certain pattern throughout the series. We will have to identify the pattern and answer the given questions accordingly.

There are so many types of series questions, In which we have to complete the given series or fill the missing term.

TYPE-I Completion of Series

Complete the following series.

Ex-1 2 4 8 16 32 ?

1. 60                  b) 64                   c) 65                    d) none of these

Ex-2 19 12 7 4 ?

1. 1                       b) 2                 c) 3                        d) none of these

Ex-3   1 2 3 3 5 5 7 7 9 11 ?

1. 9                b) 10                c ) 11                  d) 13                e) none of these

Ex-4 0  1  2  2  2  4  3  3  3  6  5  5  5  5  8  7  7   7  7  7  7  10  9  9  9  9  9  9  ?

1. 11             b) 12                 c) 9                  d) 8                   e) none of these

Previous Years Questions-

Q1. 3, 5, 9, 17, ?                                                               (SSC CGL 2015-Ist sitting)

1. 42          b) 26              c) 65               d) 33

Q2. 1 2 2 4 3 8 7 10 ?                                               (SSC CGL 2015-IInd sitting)

1. 11         b) 13          c) 9            d) 8

Q3. 1 2 _ 4 1 _ 3 4 1 2 3 _ _ 2 3 4                           (SSC CGL-2015 Ist  Sitting)

1. 3241           b) 2134            c) 1432           d) 3212

Q4. Which of the following will come next in the following series?                                                                           (Bank Of India-Banking Officer 2010)

9  1  9  8  2  9  8  7  3  9  8  7  6  4  9  8  7  6  5  5  9  8  7  6  5  4  6  9  8  7  6  5  4  ?

1. 7             b) 8         c) 3                d) 2              e) 4

Q5. 8_1 67_ _53 2_4                                                                   (UBI PO-2010)

1. 9,2,3,4              b) 2,9,4,3             c) 9,2,4,3            d) 3,9,2,4           e) 4,9,2,3

TYPE-2 Completion of Series with one missing term

Ex-5 APZ BQY CRX DSW ?

1. ETV          b) DXV                  c) FWX                  d) EVX                e)None

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Ex-6 Z  WV  SRQ  NMLK  ?

1. HEFED       b) HGFED          c) JKLMN            d) GHLKJ          e) None

Ex-7 10za 8yb 6xc ? 2ve

1. 3wd            b) 5we               c) 4dw                d) 4wd             e) None

Ex-8 a*b ef* i*j *po

1. #vu                   b) u*v               c) *ku             d) \$vu               e) None

Q6. BMRG,   DLTF,   FKVE,    HJXD,    ?                   (SSC CGL Tier-I 2011)

1. JIZC           b) JZIB             c) GIFB               d) MOLC

Q7. A, CD, GHI, ? , UVWXYZ                                       (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)

1. LMNP              b) MNOL              c) NOPL              d) MNOP

Q8. FAK IEM LIO ?                                                          (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)

1. OMQ              b) OPQ           c) MNO                 d) NOP

Q9. Y9B* W*D7 *U5F ?                                     (SBI Associate Bank PO 2002)

1. S3H*         b) T#H*           c) T*#H              d) S*H5                  e)SH*1

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TYPE-3 Completion of Series with set of Letters

Ex-9 p  _  q  r  r  _  s  _  _  s  t  _  t   t   _

Q10.  a _ _ b a b b a _ a b b a _ b a                              (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

1. abab               b) abba                  c) aabb                  d) aaab

Q11.  m_o_omo_n_nono_                                                         (UBI AAO 2012)

1. Nomon            b) mnmon             c) nnmmm               d) monno

TYPE-4 Find out the wrong number in the sequence.

Q12. 102, 101, 98, 93, 86, 74, 66, 53                           (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

1. 101         b) 66            c) 74             d) 93

Q13.Find out the number that does not belong to the group for lack of common property. 169 289 361 442 484 729                                                                                                                                (SSC CGL Prelim exam 2002)

a)484            b)442          c)361              d)289

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TYPE-5 Find out the Term that is following the set of rules mentioned in given questions-

Q14. Number of letters skipped in between adjacent letters in the series increases by one. Which of the following series observes this rule ?                                                                                          (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

1. WBKQXYF            b) WYBFKQX            c) YBQQFHN           d) WZCHJMQ

Q15. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word RECOVERED, which have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?                               (SSC CGL Tier-I 2014)

a)Three           b) Four             c) Six                 d) Five

TYPE-6 Completion of Series with one,two or many missing terms.

Q16. Select from the alternatives an appropriate term that is identical to the term given in the question.           (SSC CGL Tier-I 2015)

A C E G

1. IJLM                  b) OQSU             c) BDEF                d) GHJN

Q17. ZA5, Y4B, XC6, W3D, ?                                        (SSC CGL Tier-I 2013)

1. VE7              b) E7V               c) V2E                    d)VE5

Q18. 5  9  ? = 84

8  6  4 = 56

7  3  7 = 70

1. 4            b) 7                c) 5            d) 6

• Sample Question on Verb

Jul 31 • Bank, English Notes • 835 Views

Error Detection

1. Rohit Khandelwal became(a)/ the first Indian (b)/who win the crown of Mr. World 2016(c)/No error (d)
2. The Tea Board of India has announce(a)/ an accident insurance scheme(b)/ for workers in small tea gardens(c)/No error(d)
3. Indian foreign exchange(a)/ reserves was(b)/ at \$360 billion in March 2016(c)/No error(d)
4. Aurobindo Pharma, Sun Pharma and Glenmark Pharmaceuticals(a)/ receiving(b)/US FDA approval(c)/No error(d)
5. L&T Infotech would (a)/enter in stock market(b)/ on 22nd July, 2016(c)/No error(d)
6. Sunil Joshi will taking(a)/ the designation of Assam coach(b)/ in Ranji trophy for the next two season(c)/No error(d)
7. Padma Shri Mohammad Shahid(a)/ passing away(b)/ at the age of 56(c)/No error(d)
8. SpaceX dragon cargo(a) reached to the(b) International Space Station on 20th July, 2016(c)/No error.
9. Name the bill that(a)/ was passing (b)/by the Lok Sabha on 20th July, 2016(c)/No error(d)
10. Donald Trump belongs(a)/ to which U.S(b)/ political Party(c)/No error(d).
11. DMRC is come up(a)/ with a housing plan(b)/ in Janakpuri West(c)/No error(d)
12. The Government has reached(a)/out GST bill(b)/ to congress party in the upper house(c)/No error
13. The United Nations is planning (a)/ to provide stamps from 2017(b)/ in commemoration of the International Yoga Day(c)/ No error (d)
14. Theresa May will took over(a)/ the as the next woman Prime Minister(b)/ of Britain on 13th July, 2016(c)/ No error (d)
15. Australian Universities are(a)/ expected to apply(b)/ strict norms for educational institutes(c)/ No error(d).
16. Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd. is announced(a)/ a new anticancer(b)/ process in Europe(c)/ No error(d)
17. Petronet LNG intention (a)/ to spend \$3 billion in the(b)/ next five years to expand overseas investment (c)/ No error(d)
18. Solar Impulse 2 is began(a)/ second last leg of its global journey from(b)/ Spain to Egypt to boost the advantages of solar energy(c)/ No error (d)
19. Scientists stated that(a)/ because of climatic changes thousands of(b)/ Australian mangroves have dead(c)/No error(d)
20. India, U.S and Japan join(a)/ the International court in order to strengthen(b)/ the decision declared by the International court(c)/ No error(d)
21. IDFC Bank decided to take over(a)/ microfinance institution Grama Vidiyal(b)/ in order to increase its customer services and profits (c)/ No error.
22. vegetable prices been raised(a)/ consumer price index to(b)/ 14.7% in June, 2016(c)/ No error(d)
23. BSE has released (a)/ an online bidding platform(b)/ for unrestrained gold bonds and begun mock biddings on the system(c)/ No error.
24. Walk(a)/ is a(b)/ good exercise(c)/ No error(d)
25. She was(a)/ used to cooked(b)/ on occasions when she was in Scotland(c)/ No error (d).
26. Sport car Ford Mustang(a)/ was launching(b)/ first time in India with a price at Rs. 65 lakh(c)/ No error(d).
27. Oriental Bank Club will going to begin its campaign(a)/ against Government of NCT Delhi(b)/ in the DSA Annual Institutional Football League on 14th July, 2016(c)/ No error(d)
28. American singer Taylor Swift(a)/ has declaring(b)/ as the highest paid celebrity of 2016(c)/ No error(d).
29. She is(a)/ prone to made(b)/ same dish again and again(c)/No error(d).
30. Hear the(a)/ noise, we(b)/ came into the room(c)/ No error(d).
31. Deceiving by her(a)/ friend,(b)/ she was left in the lurch(c)/ No error(d).
32. Having did (a)/with it, they(b)/ got down to another task(c)/ No error
33. The teacher as well as(a)/ his students were(b)/ honoured by the institute(c)/ No error(d)
34. More men than one (a)/have been arrested(b)/ by income tax department(c)/ No error (d).
35. Neither the players(a)/ nor their coach(b)/ were present in the dressing room(c)/ No error(d).
36. World No. 1 Novak Djokovic take (a)/his winning stretch against(b)/ Rafael Nadal to seven with a victory  in Rome Masters  quarter finals on 13th May 2016 (c)/ No error (d)
37. Apple has been (a)/ invested \$1 billion (b)/ in Didi Chuxing, China’s biggest ride-hailing service(c)/no error (d)
38. It is a (a)/ five day tour to (b)/ deepen security and defence cooperation the region (c)/ No error. (d)
39. Kashmiri Pandit organise (a)/ a Mahakumbh in(b)/ Kashmir after 75 years on 14th June, 2016(c)/ No error (d)
40. Pakistan (a)/ are planning (b)/ to buy used F-16 fighter jets from Jordan (C)/ No error (d).
41. India might impose (a)/ anti-dumping duty on the imports (b)/ of chemical products from five countries (c)/ No error (d).
42. The Cavaliers players Kyrie Irving and LeBron James (a)/ become the first teammates (b)/ who cracked 40 points in the same final match (c)/ No error (d)
43. Osteria Francescana in (a)/ Modena in Italy were titled (b)/ as the world’s best restaurant of 2016 (c)/ No error (d)
44. Prime Minister Narendra Modi have (a)/ met with the chief ministers (b)/ of all the states in a Inter-state Council on 16th July, 2016 (c)/ No error (d)
45. Darjeeling tea cultivators has been asked (a)/ the government to stop selling imported (b)/ tea under the Nepal-India Free Trade Agreement (c)/ No error (d)
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• Sequence and Series Questions and Answers

Jul 31 • Bank, Maths Notes • 893 Views

Sequence and Series of Quantitative Aptitude

Arithmetic Progression: If the difference between any two consecutive terms of a sequence is same  then the sequence  is said to be arithmetic progression. It is denoted by A.P.

Example :  1,5,9,13,17,……………

-2,-5,-8,-11,-14,…………..

nth term or last term of an A.P. is given by the formula

an= a + (n-1) d

Where   a = first term of an A.P.,

d = common difference

n = number of terms

Arithmetic mean between any two given quantities a and b = (a+b)/2

Sum of first n terms of an A.P.

sn= n2 2a + (n-1)d or

sn = n2 2a +l

Where    l = the last term of an A.P.

Geometric progression: If the ratio of any two consecutive terms of a sequence is same then the sequence is said to be in geometric progression. It is denoted by G.P

Example 1,½,¼,⅛,1/16,……………………….

3, -9/4, 27/16, -81/16,…………….

nth term of a G.P. is given by the formula

.an= arn-1

Where      a = first term

R = common ratio

Sum of n terms of G.P.
sn= a (rn-1)/r-1 ,                    if r 1  and

sn= an ,                                  if r = 1

Sum of infinite terms  of a G.P. in case of  -1 < r <1

sn= a/(1-r)

Geometric mean between any two given quantities a and b = ab

Harmonic progression: a sequence a,b,c,d,…………is said to be in harmonic progression if 1/a,1/b,1/c,1/d,………………  is in A.P.

Example: ½,¼,⅙,……………..

Harmonic mean between any two given quantities a and b = 2ab/(a+b)

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Sum of special type of series:

• The sum of first n natural numbers i.e. 1+2+3+………+n = n (n+1)/2
• The sum of squares of first n natural numbers i.e.12+22+….+n2 = n(n+1)(2n+1)/6
• The sum of cubes of first  n natural numbers i.e. 13+23+…….+n3=n2(n+1)2/4
• The sum of first n odd natural numbers  =  n2
• The sum of first n even natural numbers = n2+ n
• The sum of squares of even natural numbers upto n2= n(n+1)(n+2)/6
• The sum of squares of odd natural numbers upto n2= n(n+1)(n+2)/6

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Sequence and Series of Quantitative Aptitude WORKED -OUT PROBLEMS

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1. In the sequence of numbers 0, 7, 26, 63, ….., 215, 342 the missing term is

0 = 13-1

7 = 23-1

26 = 33-1

63 = 43-1

So missing number is = 53-1 = 124

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2) Which number in the sequence 41, 43, 47, 53, 61, 71, 73, 81, is wrongly written ?

In the sequence, all numbers are prime except 81

3) the sum (101 + 102 + 103 + …………..+ 200) is equal to

This is an A.P. with first term (a) = 101 , last term (l) = 200 and common difference = 1

an= a + (n-1)d

200 = 101 + n-1

n= 200-101+1 = 100

Sum = n/2a+l

= 100/2 101+200

= 50*301

= 15050

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4) If the 4th term of an arithmetic progression is 14 and the 12th term is 70, then the first

term is

4th term = a4= a + (4-1)d

= a + 3d = 14                                                                     (1)

12th term = a12= a + (12-1)d

= a + 11d = 70                                                                 (2)

Subtract (1) from (2) , we get

8d = 56

d = 7

Put the value of d in (1)

a + 21 = 14

a = -7

5) Find the value of  1 – 1/20 + 1/202– 1/203+……………………. Correct to 5  places of

Decimal is

This is an infinite  geometric progression with  a = 1 and  common ratio = -1/20

Sum = a/(1-r)

= 1/(1+1/20)

= 1/(21/20)

= 20/21

= 0.9523809

= 0.95238 (upto 5 decimal)

6) Find the sum of the first n terms of the series

5 + 55 + 555 + 5555 +…………………

5 + 55 + 555 + …………. upto n terms

5(1 + 11 + 111 + …………upto n terms )

59 (9 + 99 + 999 + ……….upto n terms)

59(10-1 + 100-1 + 1000-1 +…………..upto n terms)

59 (10 + 100 + 1000 +…………..upto n terms – n)

5910(10n-1)10-159n

5081(10n-1) –59n

7) When simplified, the sum  1/2  + 1/6  + 1/12 + 1/20 + 1/30 + ………. + 1/n(n+1) is equal to

1/2  + 1/6  + 1/12 + 1/20 + 1/30 + ………. + 1/n(n+1)

= 1/(1*2) + 1/(2*3) + 1/(3*4) + 1/(4*5) +…………..+ 1/n(n+1)

= 1/1 – 1/2 + 1/2- 1/3  + 1/3 – 1/4 + 1/4 – 1/5 +………….+1/n – 1/ (n+1)

= 1-1/(n+1)

= (n+1-1)/(n+1)

= n/(n+1)

8) Find the sum of the following series
11*4+ 14*7+17*10+110*13+ 113*16

11*4+ 14*7+17*10+110*13+ 113*16

= 1331*4+ 34*7+37*10+310*13+ 313*16

=13(1 – 1/4  + 1/4  -1/7  + 1/7 – 1/10 + 1/10 – 1/13 + 1/13 – 1/16 )

= 13(1 – 1/16)

= 13(15/16)

= 5/16

9) 1 + (3 +1 ) (32+ 1)  (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1) is equal to

1 + (3 +1 ) (32+ 1)  (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)

=1 + (3 – 1) (3 +1 ) (32+ 1)  (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)3-1

= 1 +  (3 – 1)(3 +1 ) (32+ 1)  (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)/2

= 1+(32– 1)  (32+ 1)  (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)/2

= 1+(34– 1) (34+ 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)/2

= 1 + (38– 1)  (38+ 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)/2

= 1 +(316– 1)  (316+ 1)  (332+1)/2

= 1 + (332-1) (332+1)/2

=1 + (364-1)/2

=( 2 + 364– 1 )/2

= (364+ 1)/2

10) Given that 13+ 23+ 33+ ………….+ 103= 3025, the value of 23+ 43+ 63+………….+ 203is equal to

23+ 43+ 63+………….+ 203

= 8(13+ 23+ 33+ ………….+ 103)

= 8*3025

= 24200

• Verb from English Grammar

Jul 31 • Bank, English Notes • 1594 Views

Verb from English Grammar

• Verb is a acting or doing words.
• A verb is a word that is used to tell something about a subject or a thing that follows –
• Examples:-
1. Messi plays football – acting or doing words.
2. Sehwag is scolded for not playing well – happening verb.
3. Virat Kohli is a cricketer – being verb.
1. Finite Verbs:-
• It is limited by the number of persons(singular/plural) or the number of things.
• Finite verbs depends on the type of subject.
• It can be the number of main verb that shows tense(past/present/future) or number (singular/plural).
• Examples:-
• She wants to play.
• They want to play.
• He is watching cricket match.
• They are watching cricket match.

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1. Non -Finite Verbs:-
• It is not limited by the number of persons (singular/plural) or the number of things.
• Finite verbs does not depend on the type/number of subject.
• Examples:-
• She wants to go
• They want to go
• I like watching discovery channel.
• They like watching discovery channel.
1. Finite Verbs:-
• Finite Verbs is of two types :- i) Helping Verbs ii) Main Verbs
• Further Helping verbs are of two types :-
1. i) Helping Verbs

a) Modals/Modal auxiliary verbs :- It include verbs such as – will, must, shall, can, may,

b) Main helping verbs :-It contain verbs such as – is, am, are, was, were, has, have, do, does.

1. ii) Main Verbs

• Main Verbs are of two types:-

1. Transitive Verbs:-
• Transit means “to move”
• A verb requires an object to give the complete sense to the sentence, called as Transitive Verbs.
• Examples:-
1. He teaches her.
2. She goes to school.
3. Reshu made a doll house.
• In above examples, verbs like teaches, goes and made are verbs and objects such as – her, school and house respectively placed with them in order to provide the complete the meaning to the sentence.
1. Intransitive Verbs:-
• In Transit means not taking direct object.
• A verb which does not require an object to give the complete meaning of a sentence.
• Examples:-
1. The woman smiled.
2. The girl cried.
3. He stopped
• In the above examples, verbs like – smiled, cried and stopped are used and do not need to place an object with them as it gives the complete sense to the subject.

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Note:-  What or whom used transitive verbs in interrogative sentences as they provide an objective answer.

Eg:- What does your father do?

He is a

Eg:- Whom do you think is eligible for next level of the game?

• I think Sushmita is eligible for next level of the game.

Rule:- Transitive Verbs also takes two objects at a time i.e. direct object and indirect object.

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For example:-

1. Ram gave me an orange.

Subject            –   Ram

Verb                – gave

Indirect object –  me

Direct object   – an orange.

1. The teacher taught us a lesson.

Subject            –  The teacher

Verb                –   taught

Indirect object –   us

Direct object   –   a lesson.

1. Will you make me a cup of coffee?

Subject            –  Will you

Verb                –   make

Indirect object –   me

Direct object   –   cup of coffee?

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Rule:- Few verbs which are acting in both ways as transitive and intransitive verbs.

Eg:- Reena cried for chocolate. – (treated as Transitive verb)

Eg:- Reena cried a lot                –  (treated as Intransitive verb)

Eg:- The guest rang the bell.      – (treated as Transitive verb)

Eg:- The guest bell rang.              –  (treated as Intransitive verb)

Eg:- The driver stopped the bus.  – (treated as Transitive verb)

Eg:- The bus stopped suddenly.    –  (treated as Intransitive verb)

1. Non – Finite Verbs:-
• Non-Finite Verbs is of three types :- i) Infinitive Verbs ii) Gerund Verbs iii) Participle Verbs
1. i) Infinitive Verbs:- (to + V1)
• It is treated as noun and a verb. Therefore, it is also called as Verb-Noun.
• Examples:-
• To err is human.
• He wants to play.
• I want to study science.
• To err – used as a subject +V1 (1st form of the verb)
• To play – used as an object (to +v1)
• To study is the object of want (verb), but if science is placed as an object then ‘to study’ treated as a verb.
• Therefore, ‘to +v1’ acts as both noun and verb.
1. ii) Gerund Verbs:- (‘V1 + ing’)
• It is indicated by ‘ V1 +ing’.
• It is also treated as noun and a verb.Therefore, gerund also called as Verb-Noun.
• Examples:-

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• Walking is a good exercise.
• Smoking is injurious to health.
• I like watching cricket matches.
• I learnt swimming.
• In first and second example v1+ing comes in “walking and smoking” which are treated as objects.
• In third example “watching” is the object of the verb “like” but if cricket matches is taken as an object, then watching is treating as a verb.
• In fourth example, “Swimming” – v1+ing is treated as an object. Hence v1+ing acting as both noun and a verb.

Note:- With the following adjectives/phrases/verbs – v1+ing is used after ‘to’. Verb+used to, accustomed to, averse to, with a view to, addicted to, devoted to, in addition to, look forward to, object to, owing to, given to, taken to, prone to.

• Examples:-
• He is addicted to drinking.
• I am looking forward to meeting
• She was used to cooking on occasions when she was in Scotland.
• Hence, we know from the above examples that all the prepositions (including ‘to’), if a verb comes, the verb must be in v1+ing form.
• She is prone to making same dish again and again.
• She was used to calling me when she was in Bangalore.
• I used to walk in the park.
• Difference Between used to+v1 and used to+v1+ing

 Used to +v1+ing Used to +v1 If a verb comes before ‘used to’ v1+ing comes after used to If a verb does not come before ‘used to’, v1 verb comes after ‘used to’ It indicates the habit of a person. It shows a routine action of past It can be used in any tense, the verb and its forms that precedes ‘used to’ indicates the tense of a sentence. It can be used only in past tense.

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iii) Participle:-

• Participle is defined as a verb that can act as a verb as well as adjective.
• Participle is of three types –
1. a) Present Participle :- (V1+ing)
• In case of Present Participle, V1+ing shows an action or an incomplete action.
• Examples:-
1. Hearing the noise, we came into the room.
2. Thinking all is well, she went to bed.
1. b) Past Participle :- (V3)
• In case of Past Participle, V3 denotes a completed action or state of a thing that is being spoken of.
• Examples:-
1. Driven by poverty, he committed suicide.
2. Deceived by her friend, she was left in the lurch.
1. c) Perfect Participle :- (Having +V3)
• In case of Perfect Participle, having V3 denotes an action being completed in past.
• Having +V3 (perfect participle) is used for such cases.
• Examples:-
1. Having done with it, they got down to another task.
2. Having rested, they started their routine again.
• Causative Verbs:-
• Verbs such as – have, get and make are called as Causative Verbs.
• Usually, Subject does the work on the object.
• Example:- She helps the postman.
• But if S2 induces another subject S1 to do the verb on the object, then causative verbs are used for it.
• Examples:-
1. She made him do the whole job.
• She –  S2
• Made – make (causative verb)
• Him –  S1
• Do –  Verb
• The whole job – object
1. I got him suspended by the department officer.
• I –  S2
• Got – get (causative verb)
• Him – object
• Suspended – Verb
• Department officer – S1
1. Have the door opened?
• Have – Causative verb
• The door – Object
• Opened – Verb
1. I cannot get your homework done by her.
• I – S2
• Cannot get your – get (causative verb)
• Done – Verb
• Her – S1
• Differentiate between Make and Have/Get.
1. Sentences with causative verbs (get/have) has an optional S1 and if S1 comes in these sentences then it must take by + S1 after the use of get/have whereas, S1 is mandatory in case of make used as a causative verbs.
1. Main Verbs takes V3 form when get/have is used as a causative verbs whereas, in case of make used as a causative verbs – main verb takes V1 form.
• In above examples, Get/ Have / Make changes according to the tense.
• Some Important facts/ Rules of Verb
• With modal auxiliary verbs – V1 form of main verb is used.

Eg:- She can do this work.

Eg:- I could not come for the dinner.

• Main auxiliary verb – can, will, could are used with which main verbs are used as – do, help and come respectively.

Eg:- I have gone Delhi last year.

Eg:- She has done my homework.

• Do/does/did + V1 (1st form of the verb)

Eg:- Sema goes to school everybody.

Eg:- Purnima does not write a letter.

Eg:- He did not come to my place.

Rule:- When two subjects are connected /joined by words such as – as well as, like, unlike, besides, in addition to, with, together with, along with, and not, rather than, no less than, except, nothing, but, more than one – the verb is used as per the first subject.

Eg:- The teacher as well as his students were honoured by the institute.- wrong

Eg:- The teacher as well as his students was honoured by the institute.- correct

Eg:- The girl, and not her friends were involved in a crime. – wrong

Eg:- The girl, and not her friends was involved in a crime. – correct

Eg:- More men than one have been arrested by income tax department. – correct

Eg:- My sister is no less than my cousin is strict for her practice. – correct.

Rule:- When two subjects are merged by ’not only-but also’, neither – nor, either- or, none- but, then the verb  is used according to the nearest subject.

Eg:- Neither the players nor their coach were present in the dressing room.- wrong

Eg:- Neither the players nor their coach was present in the dressing room.- correct

Eg:- None but the students of our academy are responsible for its result. – wrong

Eg:- None but the students of our academy is responsible for its result. – correct

Eg:- One or two balls is required – wrong

Eg:- One or two balls are required – correct

Eg:- I or she is to be awarded?  – correct

Eg:- Am I or she to be punished? – correct.

Rule:- With plural nouns such as – amount, sum, distance, quantity, time, period, as a whole use singular form of verb.

Eg:- Five miles are not a long distance – wrong

Eg:- Five miles is  not a long distance – correct

Eg:- Four hundred rupees were not a large amount – wrong

Eg:- Four hundred rupees was not a large amount – correct

Eg:- This much quantity of water are sufficient – wrong

Eg:- This much quantity of water is sufficient – correct

Eg:- Tell me how much amount of money are required by you – wrong

Eg:- Tell me how much amount of money is required by you – correct

Rule:- In compound sentences both helping verbs and main verbs must be mentioned separately. If they differ in number, form or voice. In such cases one verb cannot act for both the clauses.

Eg:- She has not and will not marry in future. – wrong

Eg:- She has not married and will not marry in future. – correct

Eg:- She is dull but her brothers intelligent – wrong

Eg:- She is dull but her brothers are intelligent  – correct

Eg:- He disappeared last month and found dead near a parking area of a mall.- wrong

Eg:- He disappeared last month and was found dead near a parking area of a mall. – correct

Eg:- She is intelligent but her brother dull. – correct

Eg:- I did not and will not go there – correct

Rule:-   When negative verbs introduced in a sentence then it is applied in principal clause, it is advisable to make principal clause in negative.

Eg:- I think she will not pass – wrong

Eg:- I don’t think she will pass – correct

Eg:- I suppose she will not perform in this year – wrong

Eg:-  I don’t suppose she will not perform in this year – correct

Note:-  This rule doesn’t apply to – I hope.

Important Auxiliary Verbs:-

Rule:-  Modals/ modal auxiliary verbs are not treated as main verbs. They only treated as helping verbs.

Eg:- She can run for the competition.

Can – helping verbs

Run – main verbs

Eg:- Jai should work hard.

Should  – helping verbs

Work – main verbs

Rule:-  Modals auxiliary verbs/modals are not used in V1, V2, V3, V4 (V1+ing), s/es form. Its form doesn’t change with subject, person or number.

Eg:- She would do your homework.

Would – modal

Do –  V1 form

Eg:- He should understand the problem

Should – modal

Understand – V1 Form

Rule:- “Ought to” and “used to” is always followed by infinitive to +V1.

Eg:- She used to take dinner at 7.

Eg:- We ought to respect our teachers.

Uses Of Modals

• Can – Power, ability and capacity.
• Could – Past ability, power or capacity.

Eg:- She can recite a poem.

• Eg:- He could not come for a class.

• May:- Possibility

Eg:- It may rain this month.

• May:- Willingness in an optative sentence.

Eg:- May god bless you.

• May:- When may used for respect/request, it is always used in an interrogative form.

Eg:- May I come in ?

• May:- Use ‘may’ in subordinate clause if principal clause is in present tense and the subordinate clause starts with that/so that/ in order that and subordinate clause denotes a purpose.

Note:- Possibly/Likely cannot used with may.

• Might – less possibility. May express more possibility.

Eg:-  She might pass the exam but I do not have much hope.

• Must – greater possibility

Eg:- She stays in Boston and travels by flight. She must be rich.

• Must – Compulsion

Eg:- Candidate must read all the instructions of the examination.

Note:- Possibly/Likely cannot used with may.

• Shall – used with first person i.e. I, We in future tense. All other persons use “will”.

Eg:- I shall go to hospital tomorrow and she will not come with me.

Eg:- Will I come ? – wrong

Eg:- Shall I come ? – correct

Note:- Shall can take second person and third person only in case of command, promise, threat, determination, compulsion, choice

• Command: You shall leave the auditorium.
• Promise: You shall be awarded with the sports car.
• Threat : Criminals shall be prosecuted
• Determination:
• Compulsion : You shall complete this construction assignment by this month.
• Choice : You shall hold the last tent for an hour before you do anything else.
• Would – used to express past habit.

Eg:- I would go to academy by bus.

• Would – preference/choice

Eg:- She would choose coffee over tea.

• Would – In Order to show a past routine action, use either would, used to and simple past tense.

Eg:- I used to go to sports club . I would return by metro. I played for two hours in the club.

• Would – used in imaginative sentences mainly in principal clause.

Eg:- If I were a princess, I would live in the Palace.

Eg:- If I were miss universe, I would have a miss universe crown.

Note:- “Was” is not used with the following words as was cannot take imaginatory sentences.

Imaginary words such as – I wish, as though if, If, would that and suppose.

• Would – also used as past tense of will.(mainly in case of narration)

Eg:- She said, “ she will write a note”. – Direct

Eg:- She said that she would write a note – Indirect

• Would – used for polite request in an interrogative sentences.

Eg:- Would you like to have a cup of coffee?

• Would – denotes possibility.

Eg:- She would be practicing for her dance competition.

• Would – Express Wish

Eg:- I wish, I would go to switzerland once.

• Ought to – Moral Obligation

Eg: – We  ought to take a pledge in our school assembly.

• Dare/Need :-
• Dare and need are used as both main verb as well as modal auxiliary verbs.
• Dare shows challenge or courage while need denotes requirement.

Eg:- She needs me.

Eg:- He does not date to come here.

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Note:- Need/dare cannot be used as modal auxiliary verbs in positive/affirmative sentences.