• How to read newspaper for UPSC, SSC,IBPS,SBI, Railways and Other Exams

    Jun 16 • Banking Awareness Notes • 3287 Views


    How to Read Newspaper 

    how to read newspapers

    This article targets the students who find difficulty in reading newspapers for competitive exams. Here are some indispensable steps for how to read newspapers for the purpose of competitive examinations-

    a) Firstly stick to good quality newspaper which provide relevant information from ‘Exam point of view’.
    ‘The Hindu’ and ‘The Indian express’ are recommended.

    b) Before starting reading newspaper,  Go through the previous year question papers  of the exam for which you are appearing. This will give you the idea about the way questions are asked directly  and indirectly.

    c) Start reading newspaper from end.The last pages contains important current affairs related to sports and business deals. In this way your concentration  and curiosity level remains same in the last pages also which usually gets on decreasing

    d) Focus on Topics Such As-

    • Announcement of various policies.
    • Various bills.
    • Appointment of CEOs and CMDs of Maharatna , Navratna ,Miniratna companies and popular private firms.
    • Government advertisements describing various Schemes and policies.
    • Prepare for both union as well as state government.
    • Sports tournament and world cups.
    • Important Summits and Global issues.
    • Countries in news with their capitals.
    • Economic related issues (eg, New Repo rate , CRR, SLR, RBI monetary policy.)
    • Obituaries of Famous personalities.

    e) Highlight the important news related to national, international, economy, sports,burning issues.
    This will help you in comprehension section. Also note down the key points in your notes copy which
    will improve your writing skills, helping you in your Mains exam and Essay writing.

    Do’s and Don’ts: how to read newspaper

    • Avoid the ‘masala’ news related to cricket, politics and Bollywood.
    • Do not  do research on news related scams.
    • No need  of maintaining a scrap book of newspaper cuttings which  usually many students do.
      This will consume your time and the working potential gets channelized.
    • Try to speed up the comprehension daily.
    • Do not go in depth of news at the same time.


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  • Practice Questions on Speed Time and Distance For SSC and Bank Exams

    Jun 14 • Bank, Maths Notes, Uncategorized • 6193 Views

    Now when you have read the notes for the quantitative aptitude(topic covered- speed, time and distance) for SSC, IBPS and other government competitive examinations. Here are the few Practice Questions on Speed Time and Distance for SSC and bank exams.

    Practice Questions on Speed Time and Distance

    1) A person covers 56000 meters in 70 seconds .find his speed?

    (A)900 m/s                 (B)200 m/s                            (C)800 m/s                (D)1000 m/s

    2) Walking at ¾ of his normal speed, Akash is 16 minutes late in reaching his office. The usual time taken by him to cover the distance between his home and his office is

    (A) 48 minutes                (B) 60 minutes                 (C) 42 minutes             (D) 62 minutes

    3) A train starts with the speed of 70 kmph with its speed increasing every two hours by 10 kmph. In how many hours will it cover 345 kms?

    (A) 9/2 hours                     (B)9/4 hours                   (C)5/2 hours             (D)None of these

    4) Manish and Abhishek travel the same distance at the rate of 6 kmph and 10 kmph respectively .If Manish takes 30 minutes longer than Abhishek, the distance travelled by each is

    (A) 6 km               (B) 10 km                    (C) 7.5 km                          (D) 20 km

    5) The speed of a Bus increases by 2 kms after every one hour. If the distance travelling in the first one hour was 35 kms. what was the total distance travelled in 12 hours?

    (A) 445 km                  (B)752 km                   (C)522 km                   (D)552 km

    6) A boy walking at the rate of 5 km/hr crosses a bridge in 15 minutes. The length of the bridge (in metres) is

    (A) 900                                    (B)850                         (C)1250                                   (D)1150

    7) A by crosses a road 250 metres wide in 75 seconds. His speed in(km/h) is

    (A)13                           (B)12                                       (C)10                           (D)17

    8) Vikash with his family traveled from Delhi to Meerut by car at a speed of 20 km/h and returned to Delhi at a speed of 30 km/h. The average speed for the whole journey is

    (A)24 km/h                    (B)26 km/ h                           (C)30 km/h                              (D)33 km / h

    9) A train 300 meter long is running at the speed of 50 m/s .It will cross a bridge of 200 meters in

    (A)5 sec                      (B)10 sec                                (C)25 sec                    (D)30 sec

    10) The distance between two cities P and Q is 330 Km. A train starts from P at 8 a.m. and travel towards Q at 60 km/hr. Another train starts from Q at 9 a.m and travels towards P at 75 Km/hr. At what time do they meet?

    (A)10 am                     (B)11 am                                 (C)10 pm                                  (D) 11 pm

    11) A train is moving at a speed of 72 kilometer per hour. If the length of the train is 120 meters, how long will it take to  closer railway platform 160 meters long-

    (A)14 seconds (B)16 seconds            (C)18 seconds                (D)12  seconds

    12)  A train length of 400 feet crosses platform 600 feet in 10 seconds. The speed of the train is-

    (A)70 feet per second (B)85 feet per second  (C)100 feet per second        (D)120 feet per second

    More notes and questions of quantitative aptitude for SSC and IBPS

    13)  A train 100 metre long is running at the speed of 30 kilometre per hour. The time in which it will pass a man standing near the railway line is-

    (A)6 sec          (B)8 sec          (C)12 sec (      c)4 sec

    14) Sudeep covers address in 40 minutes if he drives at the speed of 60 kilometre per hour on an average find the speed at which he must drive at to reduce the time of the journey by 25%?

    (A)60km/hr      (B)80km/hr                (C)70km/hr     (D)75km/hr

    15) Railway passenger counts The Telegraph poles on the railroad as he passes them .The telegraph poles are at a distance of 50 metres. What will be his count in 4 hours if the speed of the train is 45 kilometre per hour.

    (A)600                         (B)2500           (C)3600           (D)5000

    16) A Journey of 192 kilometre takes 2 hours less by a fast train then by a slow train. If the average speed of the slow train be 16 kilometre per hour less than that of fast train, what is the average speed of the faster train?

    (A)32 km/hr     (B)16 km/hr     (C)12 km/hr                (D)48 km/hr

    17) If tarun had walked 1 kilometre per hour faster he would have taken 10 minutes less to walk 2 kilometre. what is  Tarun’s speed of walking.

    (A) 1 kmph                  (B) 2 kmph

    (C) 3 kmph                  (D) 6kmph

    18) A ship can travel with a speed of 13 kilometre per hour in still water.Ift the speed of stream is 4 kilometre per hour in the same direction time taken by ship to go to 63 kilometre in opposite direction is

    (A) 9 hours      (B) 4 hours      (C)7 hours       (D)60/17 hours

    19) The speed of the boat in the still water is 6 kilometre per hour and the speed of the stream is 1.5 kilometre per hour a man rows to a place at a distance of 22.5 kilometres and comes back to starting point. the total time taken by him is

    (A)10 hours                 (B)4 hours 10 minutes

    (C)6 hours 10 minutes            (D)8 hours

    20) A man goes downstream  with the to some destination returns upstream to his original place in 5 hours. If the speed of the boat in still water and the stream at 10 kilometre per hour and 4 kilometre per hour respectively .the distance of the destination from starting place is in (km)

    (A)16               (B)18               (C)25               (D)21

    21) Speed of boat is 5 kilometre per hour in still water and the speed of stream is 3 kilometre per hour. If the boat takes 3 hours to go  to a place and come back the distance of the place is

    (A)3.75                        (B) 4.8             (C) 4                (D)4.25

    22) A boat sails downstream from point A to point B which is 10 kilometer away from A, then returns to A. If the actual speed of the boat is 3 kilometer per hour the trip from A to B takes 8 hours less than that of from B to A. What must the actual speed of the boat for the trip from A to B to take exactly hundred minutes is in (kmph)

    (A) 1                (B) 2                (C) 3                (D) 4

    23) A Boat goes 40 kilometer upstream in 8 hours and a distance of 49 kilometer downstream in 7 hours .The speed of the boat in still water is

    (A) 5                (B) 6                (C) 5.5             (D) 6.5

    24) Shamitabh covers the distance of 96 kilometer 2 hours faster than he had planned to. This is achieved by traveling 1 kilometer more every hour than he intended to cover 1 hour 15 minutes. What was the speed at which Shamitabh travel during the journey is in (km/h?)

    (A) 16                          (B) 26              (C) 36              (D) 30

    25) Two motorist met at 10 a.m. at Dadar railway station. After their meeting one of them proceeded in the east direction while the other proceeded in the north direction. Exactly at noon they were 60 kilometer apart. Find the speed of the slower motor is the difference of their speeds is 6 kilometer per hour

    (A) 28              (B) 18              (C) 19              (D) 9

    26) How long will a boy take to run round a square field of side 35 meters, if he runs at the rate of 9 km/hr?

    (A) 53 sec                   (B) 52 sec                   (C) 56 sec       (D) 58 sec

    27) The length of the second hand of a clock is 8 m. find the distance travelled by its outer end in 15 seconds.

    (A) 4Π m                     (B) 8Π m         (C) 12Πm        (D) 16Πm

    28) In a race of 600 meters, Karmakar beats Deepak by 60 meters and in a race of 500 meters Deepak beats Rajeev by 25 meters. By how many meters will Karmakar beats Rajeev in a 400 meters race?

    (A) 49 m                      (B) 58m                       (C) 45m                       (D) 56m

    29) P beats Q by 10 m in 100 m race .find the ratio of their speed?

    (A) 8/9                         (B) 10/9                       (C) 13/9                       (D) 9/7

    30) A finish 12m ahead of B and 18m ahead of C while B finishes 8m ahead of C .Find the length of race?

    (A) 36m                       (B) 48m                       (C) 60m                       (D) 72m

    31) In a 1 kilometer race P, Q and R are the 3 participants P can give Q a start of 50 meter and R a start of 69 meters. The star which Q allows R is

    (A) 20m           (B) 19m           (C) 22m                       (D) 16m

    32) In a race of 300 meter, B can give a start of 20 meters to A and C can give a start of 50 meter to bathe start that C can give to A in a race of 900m race, is

    (A) 100m         (B) 230m         (C) 200m         (D) 150m

    33) In a race of hundred meters Camelish defeats Beamless by 5 seconds. If the speed of Camelish is 18 kilometer per hour then the speed of Beamless is

    (A) 15.2kmph              (B) 17.5kmph              (C) 13.6kmph              (D) 14.4kmph

    34) In a race of 1 kilometer P gives Q a start of hundred meters and still wins by 20 seconds but if P gives Q a Startup 25 seconds Q wins by 50 meters the time taken by P to run 1 kilometer is

    (A) 500/31 s                (B) 500/13 s                (C) 500/29 s                (D) 700/23 s

    35) A boy walks a certain distance and ride back in 4 hour and 30 min. He could ride both ways in 3 hours. The time required by him to walk both ways?

    (A) 4 hr 30 min            (B) 4 hr 45 min                        (C) 5 hr            (D) 6hr

    36) Aishwarya goes to school at the rate of 2.5 kilometer per hour and reaches 6 minute late. If she travels at the speed of 3 kilometer per hour she is 10 minutes early. What is distance to the school?

    (A) 3.5km                    (B) 4km                       (C) 2km                       (D) 3km

    38) Find the average velocity?

    figure: speed-time graph

    (A) 300                        (B) 200            (C) 400                        (D) 500

    39) Find the average velocity?

    figure: speed-time graph

    (A) 343                        (B) 81/2                       (C) 729                        (D) 729/2

    40) Find the average velocity?

    figure: speed-time graph

    (A) 3187.5                   (B)2188.5                    (C)2187.5                    (D)3187

    41) A train runs from Howrah to Delhi at an average speed of 20 kilometer per hour and returns at an average speed of 30 kilometre per hour the average speed of train in the whole journey is ?

    (A)20               (B) 24              (C)28               (D)29

    42) Two swimmers started simultaneously from the beach ,one to be north and other to be west .Two hours latter ,the distance between them turned out to be 100 km. Find the speed of faster swimmer, knowing that the speed of one them was 75% of the speed of other?

    (A)40 kmph                 (B)32 kmph     (C)46 kmph                 (D)38 kmph

    43) Two station A and B are 300 km apart .Two trains leave A and B such that the second leaves 8 hours after the first .The train arrive at B simultaneously. Find the time the slower train spent on the trip. If the speed of one of them is 10 kmph higher than that of the other.

    (A)12 hr           (B)46 hr                       (C)18 hr           (D)20 hr

    44) A train leaves from Mumbai to Delhi at 2:15 p.m. and travels at the rate of 50 kilometre per hour another train leaves from Delhi to Mumbai at 1:35 p.m. and travels at the rate of 60 kilometer per hour. The distance between Delhi and Mumbai is 590 kilometer at what distance from Mumbai will the trains meet?

    (A) 240 km      (B) 250 km      (C) 320 km      (D) 340 km

    45) A thief after committing a burglary is started fleeing at 12 noon at the speed of 60 kilometer per hour. He was then chased by a policeman. Policeman started just 15 minutes after the thief had started at a speed of 65 kilometer per hour. At what time did policeman catch the thief?

    (A) 3:30 pm                    (B) 3:20 pm                           (C) 3:15 pm                   (D) 3:10 pm

    46) Two trains A and B start their journey from Mumbai to Pune and Pune to Mumbai simultaneously after crossing each other they finish the remaining journey in 225 hour and 64 hour respectively find the ratio of their speed?

    (A) 25/8           (B) 15/8           (C) 8/15                       (D) 4/15

    47) Ram , Sham and Mohan walk  around a circular circumference of 1200 metre at the speed of 150 ,90 and 60 meter per minutes respectively .If all three start simultaneously from the same point and walk in the same direction. when will they be together again for the first time? when will they be together again at the starting point for the first time ?

    (A)6,4              (B)4,6              (C)5.9              (D)4,4

    48) The respective ratio between truck, bus and train is 1:2:3. The average speed of truck, bus and train is 72 kilometer together .What is the average speed of truck and train together?

    (A) 24              (B) 26              (C) 48              (D) 96

    49) A person left his house in the morning for the office and return to his house in the evening. In the morning he travels at a speed of 30 kilometer per hour but during the returns in the evening his speed is only 20 kilometer per hour. Find the average speed for the whole journey?

    (A) 50              (B) 30              (C) 6                (D) 12

    50) A man covers one third of a journey at 20 kilometer per hour and remaining to two third at 40 kilometer per hour is the total journey is 300 kilometer. What is his average speed for the whole journey?

    (A) 20              (B) 30              (C) 45              (D) 50

    Speed Time and Distance Notes



    1 c 6 c 11 a 16 d 21 b 26 c 31 b 36 d 41 b 46 c
    2 a 7 b 12 c 17 c 22 d 27 b 32 a 37 b 42 a 47 d
    3 c 8 a 13 c 18 c 23 b 28 b 33 c 38 b 43 d 48 a
    4 c 9 b 14 b 19 a 24 a 29 b 34 d 39 d 44 b 49 c
    5 c 10 b 15 c 20 b 25 b 30 b 35 c 40 c 45 c 50 a


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  • Practice Questions on Time and Work

    Jun 13 • Bank, Maths Notes • 2744 Views

    Quantitative aptitude notes for SSC, IBPS and other competitive exams

    Practice Questions On Time and Work

    1 ) X and Y can do a piece of work in 12 days.   Y and Z  in 15 days  and Z and X in 20 days .If X Y and Z work together they will complete the work in.

    (a)  5 days   (b) 5 ⅚ days       (c) 10 days     (d) 15⅔ days

    2 ) 20 person can do a job in 50 days how many persons are required to do the same job in 40 days.

    (a)  30              (b) 20                  (C)  25                   (d) 45 days

    3 ) X and Y can do a piece of work in 16 days if X can do the same work in 24 days in how many days we alone can finish the work?

    1. 48                (b)  36                                       © 23                                        (d)54

    4 ) A and B together can complete a work in 8 days B alone can complete the work in 12 days how many days A will take to do the same work?

    1. 25               (b)       21                                     ©    24                                     (d)30

    5 ) X, Y and Z can do a piece of work in 8,10 and 12 days respectively .in how many days can they, working together to finish the same job?

    1. 120/35        (b)120/39           (c)120/44                                              (d)120/37

    6.) A ,B and C can do a work in 20, 30 and 60 days respectively in how many days they will complete the whole work while working together?

    (a)9                                        (b)11                      (c)12                                (d)10

    7) A and B can do a piece of work in 72 days B and C can do it in 120 days and C and  A can do it in 90 days in how many days . In how many days all three together can do the work?

    (a) 60 days              (b)45 days                   (c)54  days              (d)78 days

    8) A and B can do a piece of work in 20 days , B and C in 30 days and C and A in 10 days C  alone can do the work in how many days?

    (a)52 days                    (b)26 days                   (c)48 days                 (d)24 days

    9 ) X can do   ¼ of a piece of work in 5 days , Y can do ¾ of the same work in 9 days and C  can do ⅔  of  that work in 8 days in how many days can three of them together complete the work?

    (a)   60/13 days      (b) 50/13 days       (c) 60/11 days         (d) 50/11 days

    10) A  can  do a piece of work 20 days and B in 40 days they started to do the work together but after 10 days A leaves  off   Remaining work is completed by B alone. How long B will be take to finish the remaining work?

    (a)      12 days                (b) 11 days                         (c)  10 days            (d) 9 days

    Read more study material on Time and Work

    11) Working efficiency of A and B  for completing a piece of work in the ratio 3: to 4 the number of days to be taken by them to complete the work will be in the ratio ?

    (a) 4:3                               (b)3:4                                 (c) 2:3                         (d)3:5

    12) 5 men can do a piece of work in 6 days while 10 women can do it in 5 days. in how many days can 5 women and 3 men do it?

    (a) 6 days                          (b)7 days                             (c) 5 days                   (d)9 days

    13)  If 10 men and 20 boys can make 260 toys in 20 days then how many toys will be made by 8 men and 4 boys in 20 days?

    (a) 360 days                        (b)260 days                           (c) 280 days               (d) 380 days

    14) If 16 men or 20 boys can do a piece of work in 25 days? In what time will 8 men and 15 boys do it?

    (a)      25                      (b)   21                           (c) 20                      (d)30

    15).6 men or 12 women can do a piece of work in 20 days .In how many days can 8 men and 16 women do twice as big as this work?

    1.    16 days             (b)     17 days                  (c)1 5 days                         (d) 13 days

    16). Ram works twice as fast as Shyam ,if both of them working together can complete a work in 12 days. Ram alone can complete it in how many days?

    (a) 15 days                          (b) 18 days                     (c) 21 days                         (d)19 days

    17) Raj and vashu are working on an assignment. Raj takes 6 hrs to type 32 pages on a computer, while vashu  takes 5 hrs to type 40 pages. How much time will they take, working together on two different computers to type an assignment of 110 pages?

    (a)8 hr 15 min                  (b)8 hr 25 min                (c) 7 hr 15 min            (d) 7 hr 20 min

    18) Swati  can do a piece of work in 20 days. Tanvi is 25% more efficient than Swati. The number of days taken by Tanvi to do the same piece of work is?

    (a) 17 days                       (b) 16 days                    (c) 15 days                 (d)13 days

    19)  A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days?

    (a)13 days                         (b) 17 days                     (c)22 days                (d)11 days

    20) P and Q can do a piece of work in 30 days while Q and R can do the same work in 24 days and R and P in 20 days. they all work together for 10 days how long will it take to finish the remaining work?

    (a)16 days                          (b)17 days                       (c)16 days              (d)18 days

    21) P is twice as good as Q. if both are working together they will take 14 days. in how many days P alone can complete the work?

    (a)23 days                          (b)21 days                        (c)25 days                 (d)26 days

    22) 1 Men,3 women and 4 boys can do a piece of work in 96 hours,2 men and 8 boys can do it in 80 hours. 2 men and 3 women can do it in 120 hour, 5 men and 12 boys can do it in ?

    (a) 42 7/11                    (b) 43 7/11                    (c) 44 5/11       (d)45 7/11

    23) 4 men and 6 boys can do a certain piece of work in 8 days.3 men and 7 boys can do the same work in 10 days .How many days will 10 boys take to complete the same work?

    (a) 39 days                    (b) 42 days                    (c)43 days       (d)40 days

    24) A can do a work in 20 days. A and B together do the same work in 15 days if they are paid Rs.400 for that work ,What is the share of each?

    (a)300,100                       (b)200,200                   (c) 150,250                (d) 230,170

    25) P ,Q and R can do a work in 8,12 and 20 days respectively .They finish the work together and earn Rs. 620 What is the share of each?

    (a)300,100,220                    (b)300,200,120        (c) 400,100,120        (d)200,340,80

    26) A can do a work in 6 days. A and B together do the same work in 4 day.s if their paid rupees 1500 for the work .How should the money be divided between them?

    (a)800,700                        (b)600,900                     (c)1200,300            (d)1000,500

    27) A ,B and C together earn  Rs.375 in 5 days. A  and B together earn Rs 450 in 10 days. A and  C earn rupees 200 in 4 days. Find daily earning of each?

    (a)20,25,35                      (b)30,35,40                    (c) 20, 25,30          (d)20,15,25

    28) A certain number of boys can complete a job in 30 days. if there are 5 boys more  it could be completed in 10 days less. how many boys were in the beginning ?

    (a) 10                               (b)11                               (c)13                         (d)14

    29) A particular job can be completed by a team  of 10 men in 12 days The same job can be completed by a team of 10 women in 6 days. How many days are needed to complete the job .if the two teams work together?

    (a)3 days                            (b) 6 days               (c) 4 days                  (d)7 days

    30) A can do a piece of work in 14 days which B can do in 21 days. They begin together but 3 days before the completion of the work. A  leaves off. The total number of days to complete the work is?

    (a)9 days                           (b )8 days                    (c)7 days                  (d) 10 day

    31)Sunil can do a piece of work in 2 days while Sourav can do it in 3 days. They work together for a day and rest of the work is done by Sachin in 1 day. If they get 1800 rupees for the whole work then find the wage of Sachin.

    (a) 300rs                       (b)520rs                     (c)290rs          (d)320rs

    32) One man or Two  women or 3 boys can do a piece of work in 88 days. one man ,one woman one boy  will do it in how many days?

    (a) 45 days                   (b)46days                      (c)47 days               (d) 48 days

    33) P  does half as much work as R  in three- fourth of the time taken by R. if together they take 18 days to complete the work .how much time shall R take to do it alone?

    (a) 30days                  (b)29 days                       (c)35 days             (d)33 days

    34) P and Q working separately can do a piece of work in 9 and 12 days respectively if they work for a day alternatively with P beginning the work would be completed in how many days?

    (a)41/4 days                 (b) 43/3days                     (c) 45/3 days          d)47/3days

    35) X can do a piece of work in 5 days less than the time taken by Y to do it. if both of them together take 100/9 days the time taken by Y alone to do the same work in days is ?

    (a) 10                                    (b)20                                ( c)25                      (d)30

    36) Gopal can do a work in 9 days and   shyam   in 15 days. If both work together to complete the work, in what ratio should the total earning be shared  ?

    (a)4:3                             (b)5:3                       (c)7:5                          (d)6:7

    37) P, Q and R contracts to do a work for Rs. 4200. P can do the work in 6 days , Q in 10 days and R in 12 days .If they work together to do the work ,What is the share of each?

    (a)2000,1200,1000      (b) 3000,400,800     (c) 1600,800,2000     (d)900,1700,600

    38)P,Q and R can make a house for Rs. 1110. P can do the work in 12 days, Q in 15 days and  R in 18 days . What does R get?

    (a) 400                        (b)500                (c)300            (d)600

    39)P,Q and R undertake to complete a work for Rs. 1440.P alone can complete in 8 days,Q in 12 days and R in 16 days .they complete the work with the help of S in three days. What does S get?

    (a)  260                  (b) 360                 (c)270                      (d)250

    40)Tow pipes P and Q can fill a tank in 20 minutes and 30 minutes respectively. If both pipes are opened together the time taken to fill the blank is:

    (a)50 minutes             (b)  12 minutes           (c)25 minutes             (d)  15 minutes

    41)One pipe can fill a tank three times as fast as another pipe. If together the two pipes can fill the tank in 36 minutes, the slower pipes alone will be able to fill the tank in.

    (a)81 minutes             (b) 108 minutes         (c)144 minutes           (d)192 minutes

    42)To pipes can fill a tank with water in 15 and 12 hours respectively and a third pipe can empty in 4 hours.  If the pipe be opened in order at 8,9 and 11 a.m. respectively, the will be emptied at ?

    (a)11 : 40 a.m.                  (b)  12 : 40 a.m.                (c) 1 : 40 a.m.             (d)  2 : 40 a.m.

    43)A boy and girl together fill a cistern with water. The boy pours 4 liters of water every 3 minutes and the girl pours 3 liter of water of every 4 minutes. How much time it will take to fill 100 Liters of water in the cistern?

    (a)36 minutes              (b) 42 minutes                  (c) 48 minutes               (d) 44 minutes

    44)Three pipes P, Q and R can fill a cistern in 6 hours. After working at it together for 2 hours, R is closed and P and Q fill it in 7 hours more. The time taken by R alone to fill the cistern is:

    (a)14 hours              (b) 15 hours                     (c) 16 hours                     (d) 17 hours

    45)A pipe can empty a tank in 40 minutes. A second pipe with diameter twice as much as that of first is also attached  with the tank to empty it. The two pipe together can empty the tank in :

    (a) 8 minutes          (b) 13 ⅓ minutes       (c)  30 minutes       (d)   38 minutes

    46) A cylindrical cistern of diameter 25 cm is full of water. if 11 liters of water is drawn off, the water level in the cistern will drop by ?(π = 22/7)

    (a)21/2 cm                         (b)90/7 cm                       © 90/5 cm                         (d)102/5 cm

    47) Pipe A can fill the tank in 6 hours and pipe B can fill the same tank in 8 hours they are working alternatively with A .In how much time the tank will fill completely .

    (a)41 hours                 (b)42 hours               (c)43 hours                         (d)46 hours

    48) There are 8 pipes in a cistern out of them some are inlets and some are outlets each inlet takes 12 hours and each outlet take 36 hours .If all are open simultaneously then cistern will fill completely in 3 hours . Find the number of inlets?

    (a) 7                                 (b) 5                                  (c)3                            (d)4

    49) A and B two pipes can fill a tank in 10 and 15 hours respectively. There is a pipes C which empty the tank in 20 hours .In beginning A and B pipes are open. A person notice that when the tank must be fill that pipe C also open with A and B now he turned off pipe C .Find time taken to complete the tank fully.

    (a)39/5 hours     (b) 23 hours            (c) 36/7 hours           (d)21 hours

    50) A pipe can fill the cistern in 6 hour and the tank fill half then three more similar taps are open then find the time to fill the tank completely?

    (a)13/4                       (b) 19/4                    (c) 17/4              (d) 15/4





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  • Important Questions Based on RBI

    Jun 13 • Bank, Banking Awareness Notes • 1724 Views

    • When was the RBI established?

    Ans:- April 1,1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

    •    When was RBI nationalised?

    Ans:- January 1, 1949.

    • Who Governs The Reserves Bank’s affairs ?

    Ans:- Central Board of Directors

    • How many members in Central Board Of Directors?

    Ans:- 21-Members

    •  Official Directors

    Full-time : Governor and 4  Deputy Governors

    • Non-Official Directors
        Nominated by Government: 10 Directors from various fields and 2 government Official
       Others: four Directors – one each from four local boards headquartered at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and New Delhi.


    • Who is the Governor of RBI?

    Ans:-  Dr. Raghuram Rajan.

    • Who are the Deputy Governors of RBI?

    Ans:- 1. Shri Harun R. Khan 2. Dr. Urjit R. Patel 3. Shri R. Gandhi 4. Shri S. S. Mundra

    • What are the  Acts administered by Reserve Bank of India ?


    1.  Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934
    2. Public Debt Act, 1944/Government Securities Act, 2006
    3. Government Securities Regulations, 2007
    4. Banking Regulation Act, 1949
    5. Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999
    6. Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 (Chapter II)
    7. Credit Information Companies(Regulation) Act, 2005
    8. Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007
    9. Factoring Regulation Act, 2011
    • What are the main function of RBI?

    Ans:- The main functions of RBI are:

    • Monetary Authority:

    Formulates, implements and monitors the monetary policy.

    Objective: maintaining price stability and ensuring adequate flow of credit to productive sectors.

    •  Regulator and supervisor of the financial system:

    Prescribes broad parameters of banking operations within which the country’s banking and financial system functions.

    Objective: maintain public confidence in the system, protect depositors’ interest and provide cost-effective banking services to the public.

    • Manager of Foreign Exchange

    Manages the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

    Objective: to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India.

    • Issuer of currency

    Issues and exchanges or destroys currency and coins not fit for circulation.

    Objective: to give the public adequate quantity of supplies of currency notes and coins and in good quality.

    • Developmental role

    Performs a wide range of promotional functions to support national objectives.

    • Related Functions

    Banker to the Government: performs merchant banking function for the central and the state governments;  also acts as their banker.

    Banker to banks: maintains banking accounts of all scheduled banks.

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    Important Current Affairs Questions IBPS, SBI PO, Clerk

    Jun 11 • Bank, Banking Awareness Notes • 1550 Views

    current affairs questions

    National: Current Affairs questions

    Current affairs always play a crucial role in any competitive examination such as SSC, IBPS, SBI PO, Clerk. Based on the analysis by our research team these are the few important Current Affairs questions IBPS, SSC, SBI PO.

    • Who has been appointed chairperson of National Monument Authority?

    Ans:- Susmita Pandey

    • Who has been named first Ambassador for Girl Child under BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO project?

    Ans:-Nagaland Chief Secretary Pankaj Kumar

    • Who won Femina Miss India World 2016 crown?

    Ans:- Priyadarshini Chatterjee

    • Who has been honoured with the global India of the Year award?

    Ans:- Aishwarya rai Bachchan

    • Padma Sachdev has been selected for Sarswati Samman-2015 for

    Ans:-Chitt Chete

    • India completed its own navigational set-up mission with the launch of


    • Who was named Captain of ICC World T20 Men’s team?

    Ans:-Virat Kohli

    • Who launched the Stand up India scheme in Noida?

    Ans:-Prime Minister Narendra Modi

    • What is the name of India’s new fastest train?

    Ans:-Gatiman Express

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  • Descriptive English

    Jun 11 • Bank, English Notes • 760 Views

    A letter to the manager of the bank for the overdraft Facility which you stopped long ago with the bank.

    REF: ABC/SBI /100
    The Manager
    State Bank of India
    Full Branch Address
    Dear Sir

    Subject: Request for Revival of Overdraft Facility .

    The CC account number of our firm is C- 420569. We have been operating this account in your bank since 12/06/2013.However, we had stopped using our Overdraft limit long ago since 11/05/2016.

    We now plan to expand our unit-III,located at Noida (UP).We need machinery,building material and raw material for this expansion project.Therefore, we again need overdraft facility against our CC account for Rs 50,00,000/- (Fifty lakh only) during the period from 10/07/2016 17/08/2017.After this period ,we would be able to keep our CC account with credit balance .

    As a guarantee , we propose to deposit 20,000 shares of Reliance Petrochemicals Ltd . with your bank.the value of each share is Rs. 500/-.The amount of this guarantee far exceeds the amount of credit limit that we  propose to avail .We hope you would oblige us by granting the overdraft limit of Rs 50,00,000/-  for the period from 10/07/2016 to 17/08/2017.

    Thanking you,

    Yours faithfully ,



    For XYZ Pvt. Ltd

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  • Adjective for Competitive Exams

    Jun 6 • Bank, English Notes • 1169 Views


    • Adjectives is a words used to qualify  noun or pronoun.
    • Adjective comes before noun or  after a verb.
    • Examples
    1. He is a fast bowler.
    2. Sita is a good girl.
    3. She is a kind lady.
    4. Your knowledge seems good.
    5. Radhika is a beautiful girl.
    6. We are praising the The Rich – (The Rich is noun)
    7. She writes meaningless sentences.
    8. Ram met a homeless person in Mumbai.    

    Denominal Adjective

    •      Denominal adjective are those which are derived from nouns.
    1. A biological data is needed.
    2. There is mathematical puzzle in this chapter.
    3. She married an Australian man.
    4. I have buy woollen stuff for winters.

    Comparing Adjectives :-

    1. This house is bigger than mine.
    2. Priyanka is taller than Rekha.
    3. She is more intelligent than Sahil.

    Compound Adjectives:-

    • It is a single adjective made up of more than one word.
    1. That was a cold-blooded murder.
    2. These kids are well-behaved.
    3. Neerali was a part-time worker in her previous firm.

    Rule:-   When an article “The”  is used with adjective then it acts as a noun.

    Such as The Rich, The Poor, etc.

    Eg:- We are praising the Rich.

    Eg:- Government has to make policies for the poor.

    Note:- These nouns made up by adjective are written in singular form and treats as plural.

    Rule:- Noun+ly = Adjective

    Eg:-  “Friend” +”ly” = Friendly

    Eg:-  “Cost”+”ly”     = Costly

    Rule:-  Adjective+ly = Adverb

    Eg:– “Slow”+”ly” = Slowly

    Eg:– “Fast” + “ly” = Fastly

    Other Examples Of Adjective

    1. She has two doubts to ask.
    2. Who came first in the class.
    3. We have some ways to differentiate the class.

    Classification Of Adjective

    • Adjective Of Quality: Adjective that shows the quality of a person or a thing. 

    Such as Poor, nice, long, short, strong, thin, fat, honest, brave, sharp,

    red, blue, black, colours name. Eg:- An honest man

    • Adjective Of Quality:Adjective that shows how much of a thing is meant.

    Such as  some milk, enough oil, Sufficient sugar,

    No manners, lots of,  all, much, any, less, a lot of, little, whole, amount of.  

    • Adjective Of Number: Adjective that shows how many persons or things

    are meant or in what order a person or a thing stands.

    Such as Few, All, Some, a lot of, first, second, one, two, certain.

    Eg:- All the money is wasted.

    • Demonstrative Adjectives: Points out which person or thing is meant.

              Such as This boy, That group, These people, Those Countries.

    Note:- If this, that, these and those are  immediately followed by a noun

    then these words are called demonstrative adjectives whereas

    if these words are immediately followed by a verb, then    

      these words are called as demonstrative pronoun.

    Eg:- Please give me that book

    That  is the demonstrative adjective in the above sentence since book is a common noun.

    E.g:- That is my cricket kit.

    That is a demonstrative adjective in a above sentence as it placed near verb.

    • Distributive Adjective: It refers to each one of the number.
    • Such as  Each, Every, Either, Neither, Anyone, None, etc.

    Note:- If Each, Every, Either, Neither, Anyone and None are  immediately

    followed by a noun then these words are called distributive adjectives

    whereas if these words are immediately followed by a verb,

    then these words are called as distributive pronoun.

    Eg:-  Each candidate is present.

    Candidate is common noun therefore each is acting as demonstrative adjective.

    Eg:- Every girl is present in last class

    Girl is common noun therefore each is acting as demonstrative adjective.

    • Possessive Adjectives:- It shows possession. Such as  my, your, our, their, his, her, its.

    Eg:-  This is my book.

    ‘My’ is acting as possessive adjective because it is placed near common noun i.e. book.

    Eg:-  This book is mine.

    ‘Mine’ is acting as possessive pronoun because it is placed near verb.

    • Interrogative adjectives:- which, who, whom, whose are
    • called interrogative adjectives when these words are  immediately followed by noun.

    Eg:- What colour is your folder?

    What is Interrogative adjective because it is immediately followed by common noun i.e. Colour.

    Eg:- What did you do?

    What is Interrogative pronoun because it is immediately followed by verb.

    Note:- Any word which is used to describe noun or placed before

    noun is called adjective and the word which is used in place of noun is called pronoun.

    Eg:- These are few options in your science test. (Demonstrative pronoun)

    Eg:- Every option has a certain levels.(Distributive adjective)

    Correct Uses Of Some Adjectives

    • Uses of Little, A little and The little

    Little :– Used for negative sense and for singular uncountable noun.

    Eg:- Manisha has little money.

    Eg:- Ram has little work to do.

    A Little:- Small quantity and used for singular uncountable noun.

    Eg:- A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.

    Eg:- A little freedom is necessary for kids.

    The Little:- Not Much but all that is available.Used used for singular uncountable noun.

    Eg:- I hope you will be contended with the little wine left wine in the jar.  

    Eg:- Rama spent the little money she had..

    1.  Use of Few, A few and The few

    Few:- Means hardly any. Used in negative sense and for plural countable noun.

    Eg:- Sham read few books.

    Eg:- Rashmi need few documentary projects.

    A Few:- Small quantity but not much and used for plural countable noun.

    Eg:- I requested him to bring me a few books.

    Eg:- Shamita read a few books of history.

    The Few:- Not many but all that are available and used for plural countable noun.

    Eg:- The few days left I passed in her company were exciting.

    Eg:- I hope the few moments we had were memorable.

    1. Use Many, Much, Some, Any

    Many used for countable Noun

    Much used for uncountable noun.

    Some used for countable and uncountable noun

    Any used for negative sentences.

    Eg:- It seems you have many more examples to quote.

    Eg:- Many times you go wrong.

    Eg:- Already much time has been wasted in discussing the issue.

    Eg:- I have some milk.

    Eg:- She has some ways to explain her theory.

    Eg:- I don’t have any bicycle.

    1. Use Of Less(uncountable) And Fewer(countable):-

    Eg:- She has given me Rs10 fewer to the shopkeeper – wrong

          She has given me Rs10 less to the shopkeeper – correct

    • Because Rs10 is less from how much amount is not mentioned.
    • Therefore, it is a case of Uncountable noun.

    Eg:-The shopkeeper received Rs100 less than the original amount. – wrong

          The shopkeeper received Rs100 fewer than the original amount. – correct

    • It is a case of countable noun because original amount has been mentioned here.
    1. Use Of Utmost(most extreme, greatest)/Outermost(furthermost from the centre):-

    Eg:- You are the utmost source of help for your family.

    Eg:- Core is the outermost layer of the Earth.

    Rule:- When ‘one’ is chosen out of more than two then the superlative

    degree is used and is preceded by ‘the’ and followed by ‘of’.

    Eg:- Ram is the best of the three chess players.

    Eg:- Shama is the best of the five students.

    Rule:- Adjectives ends with ‘ior’ are followed by ‘to’ and not ‘than’ such as Superior, Inferior , Junior, prior, anterior, posterior.

    Eg:- Sneha is senior to Radhika.

    Rule:-  Adjectives such as supreme, impossible, round, square,

    triangular, interior, exterior, ulterior, major, minor, empty,

    excellent, circular, extreme, chief, entire, complete, perfect,

    final, last, unique, universal, eternal, everlasting, ideal,

    absolute and impossible are not used in comparative and superlative degree.

    Rule:- Some adjectives are used only in positive and superlative degree,

    not in comparative degree .

    Positive Superlative
    Top Topmost
    Northern Northernmost
    Southern Southernmost
    Eastern Easternmost
    Western Westernmost

    Rule:-  Adjectives like ‘Preferrable’ is used only in comparative degree and followed by ‘to’.

    Eg:- Red colour is preferable to yellow.

    Rule:- If the two adjectives are used for single noun or

    if both the adjectives are connected by a  conjunction

    than the adjectives must be in same degree.

    Eg:- Lala Lajpat Rai was the noblest and wisest of all the leaders.

    Rule:- If adjectives of size, colour, age, etc come

    together in a sentence then it should be used in the following order.  

    Opinion ->Size -> Age -> Shape -> Colour -> Origin -> Material -> Purpose.

    Order is OSASCOMP

    Eg:- The thief flashed a big(size) sharp(shape) knife

    and asked the cashier to fill the black leather bag with money.

    Eg:- They are looking for a dark2colourangry3emotiontall1sizehandsome4quality man – wrong

    Eg:- They are looking for a tall dark angry handsome man – correct

    Rule:- If any adjective has less than three vowels then

    we must add ‘er’ or ‘est’ in order to make a degree.

    Clever Cleverer Cleverest
    Fast Faster Fastest
    Slow Slower Slowest
    Big Bigger Biggest

    Note :-  Those adjectives which do not have any vowel are also included in above rule.

    Shy Shier Shiest
    Dry Drier Driest

    Note:- Honest is an exception as it gives silent sound of vowel so it does not follow above rule.

    Honest More honest Most honest

    Rule:- If any adjective contains three or more than

    three vowel then more/most will be used for those adjectives.

    Intelligent More intelligent Most intelligent
    Beautiful More beautiful Most beautiful
    Horrible More horrible Most horrible

    Note:- No degree is used for colour.

    Rule:-  Words such as unique, perfect, major, minor,

    complete, final, full, whole – gives superlative sense.

    So, no need to put degree with them.

    Rule:-  Many nouns are a part of compound adjectives and they never come in plural form.

    Eg:-  I delivered a two-hours lecture.- wrong.

            I delivered a two-hour lecture.  – correct.

    Eg:-  He delivered me two hundred-rupees notes. -wrong.

           He delivered me two hundred-rupee notes.- correct

    Rule:- If a noun works as an adjective, it cannot be in plural form.

       Eg:- Lasers are indispensable tools for delicate eyes surgery. – wrong

               Lasers are indispensable tools for delicate eye surgery. – correct








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  • Time and Work Notes

    Jun 1 • Bank, Maths Notes • 935 Views


    In any organization the efficiency of different person is different; the management has to take proper note of it before distributing the task to subordinates. We discuss all such Problems under the heading Time and work.

    • When time is constant (T = Constant)                                                          


      Person ‘P’ is directly proportional to work. It means mare work requires more number of persons.

    • When work is constant (w = Constant)


    Work ‘W’ is proportional to Time it means more work requires more time.

    • When work is constant.(W= Constant)


    Number of persons ‘P’ is inversely proportional to time. It means more person will takes less time.

    with the above three relations between P, T and W we find that      

    4 5                                                                                                       

    Practice questions on Time and Work


    Let a Person A finish a work in X days then

    One day work of A is =1/X

    And a person B can do a work in y days then

    One day work of B is =1/Y

    If both A and B are working together then

    One day work is =1/X +1/Y = (X+Y)/XY

    Now time taken by A and B to complete the whole work =XY/(X+Y)

    Work and Wages:

    A can do a certain piece of work in X days and B in Y days both of them work together to do the work. If the total paid of the work is Rs. M then each would get –

    Ratio of time taken is =X:Y

    As we know that –

      Efficiency   α   1/Time

    So the ratio of efficiency  = Y:X

    Here money will divide to according to their efficiency then

    A’s share =X/(X+Y)

    And B’s share = X/(X+Y)


    Pipes are connected to a tank or cistern and are used to fill or empty the tank.

    Inlet Pipe: A pipe used to fill the tank or cistern is known as Inlet Pipe.

    Outlet Pipe: A pipe used to empty the tank or cistern is known as Outlet Pipe

    If a inlet A can fill the tank in X hours.

       The part of the tank filled in 1 hour = 1/x

       And inlet B can fill the tank in Y hours

       The part of tank filled in 1 hour =1/Y

    If both pipes are opened together then part filled in 1 hour = 1/X + 1/y

    Rule: If a pipe fills a tank in  X hours and another fills the same tank in Y hours , but a third empties the full tank in Z hours and all of them are opened together, the net part filled in 1 hour is

    =  1/X+1/Y-1/Z

    So time taken to fill the tank by all three

    =  (XYZ)/(XY-YZ-XZ)

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  • Noun For Competitive Exams

    Jun 1 • Bank, English Notes • 3607 Views

    When it comes to English comprehension in competitive exams, noun plays a vital role.

    Particularly noun add a very important portion for the preparation of exams such as IBPS, SSC and other government competitive examinations. Hence for the better understanding of the Noun for competitive exams here is the some brush up notes for all the aspirants of such exams.

    Noun For Competitive Exams

    Noun is defined as the name of person,thing, place and quality of a person.

    Kinds of Noun

    • Common noun:-
    • It is a name given to the name to the whole spicy or a group i.e. generic names
    • Any singular form of noun which can be converted into plural form comes under common noun.
    • Such as boy, boys, girl , girls, teacher, teachers, student, students, etc.
    • Proper Noun:-
    • It defines the name given to some particular person, thing or place
    • Eg:-   Delhi Jaipur Jupiter, etc.
    • Proper noun has no plural form as it consists of particular and unique.
    • Collective Noun:-
    • It is defined as a collection of  persons or things which are treated and spoken together as a whole.
    • Eg:- Herd of cattle, bunch of keys, pack of cards,  team, jury, cluster of stars, Army, mob, etc.
    • Collective noun is always non living.
    • Material Noun:-
    • All measurable things are included in material noun.
    • Eg:-  goods, wood, plastic, water, iron, gold, etc.
    • Abstract Noun:-
    • It is defined as a quality, actions, feelings, concept and  ideas of a person.
    • Eg:- Honesty,  loyalty,  faithfulness,  bravery –  Quality
    • Eg:- Anger,  pity,  theft,  laughter –  Action
    • Eg:- Childhood,  friendship,  happiness,  upset,  old –  State.

    Number Of noun

    • Noun can be in singular or in plural form
    • Eg:- Summons – Singular , Summonses – Plural , Datum -.Singular, Data – Plural, syllabus, syllabi, radius, radii, etc.
    • Eg:- The court issued two summonses against victim.

    Gender of noun

    •  Noun consists of four gender:-
    1. Masculine Gender :- It denotes male sex. E.g.:- Tiger, father, lion, etc.
    2. Feminine Gender :- It denotes female sex. E.g.:- Woman, Nature, Earth, etc.
    3. Common Gender:- It denotes both male/female. E.g.:- Baby, teacher, etc.
    4. Neuter Gender:- It denotes non- living things. It has no sex. E.g.:- Copy, Book, Room, Paper, etc.In case of neuter gender ‘it’ will be used.


    1. Every boy and every girl have already done their work.

         Nature of every – Singular

         Have – gives plural sense

         Their – gives plural sense

    • Hence the sentence gives singular sense due to which have should be replaced by has and their should be replaced by her.
    • And since the second gender in the sentence is feminine so their should be replaced by her.
    • Every boy and every girl has already done her work.
    1. One should love his country.
    • His will be replaced by ones.
    1. Everyone should be faithful to his master.(Correct)
    • Incase when we don’t know the gender of the sentence then the male gender is to be preferred.
    • In case of no one, someone or anyone male gender is preferred.
    1. Neither Lata nor Ram have done their work.
    • Nature of Neither…Nor – Singular
    • ‘Have’ should be replaced by ‘ has’
    • ‘Their’ should be replaced by his/her. Since second gender used in the sentence is male so ‘their’ will be replaced by his.

    Case Of Noun

    1. Nominative/ Subjective Case:-
    • It is a subject of a sentence.
    • Eg:- Mohan is my friend.
    • Eg: Ram Plays football.
    1. Objective/ Accusative Case:-
    • It is the object of a sentence.
    • Eg:- Who bought this book?
    • Eg:- She is my friend.
    1. Possessive/ Genitive case:-
    • It  shows the possession of something.
    • Eg:- She is Mohan’s wife.
    • Eg:- My parents’ house is a lovely old one.
    Countable Noun Uncountable Noun
    Example Stars, planets, minutes, chairs, etc Knowledge, milk, water, emotions, Feelings, etc.
    Verb Singular verb with singular nounPlural verb with plural noun Only Singular verb will be used
    Articles A, An, The can be used Only the can be used

    E.g. – One of my
    sisters are good at mathematics.(Wrong)Rule:- One + Of +Plural Noun  – Singular Verb.

          One of my sisters is good at mathematics.(Correct)

    • One out of all sisters,  so one gives a singular sense. Therefore, singular helping verb will be used.
    •  Hence with plural noun singular verb will be used.

    E.g.- One of my students  deserve the first Prize in Science Olympiad.(Wrong)

          One of my students  deserves the first Prize in Science Olympiad. (Correct)

    • One out of all students, so one gives a singular sense. Therefore, singular helping verb will be used.
    • Hence with plural noun singular verb will be used.

    Rule:- The Number + Of +Plural Noun- Singular Noun.

    E.g.- The number of leaders have already lost moral character in political system.(Wrong)

           The number of leaders has already lost moral character in political system.(Correct)

    • Though the sentence has plural form of noun  but ‘the number’ gives a singular sense to the sentence therefore singular helping verb will be used.

    E.g.- The number of officers have been lacking in their duties for many years.(Wrong)

          The number of officers has been lacking in his duties for many years.(Correct)

    • Though the sentence has plural form of noun  but ‘the number’ gives a singular sense to the sentence therefore singular helping verb will be used.
    • Use ‘his’ in place of their.

    Rule:-  A number of + Plural Noun – Plural Verb

    E.g.- A number of students is playing chess(Wrong)

         A number of students is playing chess|(Correct)

    • A number of gives plural sense  so full form of helping verb will be used.

    Rule:- Many + a + Singular noun –  singular verb.

    E.g.- Many a democratic countries are fighting against  the terrorism (Wrong)

          Many a democratic Country is fighting against  the terrorism (Correct)

    • Many used with countable noun (only for plural)
    • ‘a’  – indefinite article

    Rule:- More+than+one + Singular noun – Singular verb.

    E.g.- More than one students were present in the class.(Wrong)

          More than one student was present in the class.(Correct)

    Rule:- Either +of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

    Rule:- Any+of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

    Rule:- One+of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

    E.g.- Either of the players are going to do the bowling. (Wrong)

           Either of the player is going to do the bowling.(Correct)

    Rule:- None Of +Plural noun – Plural Verb

    E.g.- None of five democratic countries is making a mark of progress. (Wrong)

          None of five democratic countries is making a mark of progress. (Correct)

    Note:- A lot of/ plenty of :-

    • Eg:- a lot of milk.
    • Uncountable +  singular noun
    • Eg:- a lot of books.
    • countable + plural noun
    • It always take both countable and uncountable noun.
    • Compound nouns:-
    •  India needs a  number of women doctors to improve the health system. (Correct)
    • Eg:- India needs a  number of female doctors to improve the health system.(Wrong)
    • Eg:- men-servants, women-doctors.
    • Eg:- man- servant , woman- doctor.
    • It is a noun in which both the parts are noun and when it is converted into plural form then both the parts must be in plural form.   
    • Slang (Noun):-
    • It is referred as  distorted English.
    • E.g.:- He is in teaching line. (Wrong)
    • He is in teaching profession.(Correct).
    • E.g.:- He is my history teacher. (Correct)
    • E.g.:- She is my English teacher (Wrong)
    • She is my teacher of English (Correct)
    • E.g.:- The English defeated french in the battle of Wandiwash.(Wrong)
    • The English defeated the French in the battle of Wandiwash (Correct)


    • Advice – Noun – Suggestion
    • Advices – information
    • Advise – Verb – Suggestion
    • Eg:- He gave many pieces of advice
    • Eg:- Police elicited a lot of advices from the criminal.
    • Eg:- He advised me to prepare for SSC CGL 2016.

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  • Speed Time and Distance Notes

    May 31 • Bank, Maths Notes • 1282 Views


    Basic formulae for speed time and distance notes

    Speed Time and Distance Notes

    SPEED:-  Distance travelled by any body w.r.t. Time is known as speed.
    Pictorial diagram to remember these formulae  
    Trick to remember Formulas

    Conversion of Units:-
    1 km/hr = 5/18 m/s
    X km/s = (5 /18) X m/s
    1 m/s    = 18/5 km/ hr
     X km/hr = ( 18/5) km/hr

    Basic Rules :-

    Basics Rule

    figure: Speed Time and Distance Notes relations while one quantity is constant where k is constant.

    Example:- A car travels at 60 km/hr for the first 3 hrs & then 80 km/hr for the next 3 hrs. Find the      ratio of distance travelled
    d1/d2=s1/s2= 60/80 = ¾

    Relative Speed:Relative speed is the speed when one moving body relative to another moving body.when both bodies are moving in same direction the speeds are subtracted and when both bodies are moving in opposite  direction the speeds are add up.
    Case 1:
    Two bodies are moving in opposite directions at speed s1 & s2 respectively. The relative speed is defined as sr=s1+s2
    Case 2:
    Two bodies are moving in same directions at speed s1 & s2 respectively. The relative speed is defined as sr= s1s2

    Average speed:-
    The average speed of an object is the total distance traveled by the object divided by the elapsed time to cover that distance.
     Average speed = Total Distance / Total Time

    Meeting Point:-
     M.p. = Initial distance between two bodies/Their relative speed
    Rule:- A and B moving towards each other from two end  of the journey points , take time in the ratio b:a after crossing to reach  opposite end the, ratio of speed
    Sa/Sb =(b/a)^1/2

    Speed = Distance/Time
    When the train is crossing a moving object, the speed has to be taken as the relative speed of the train with respect to the object.
    sr=s1+s2 or  sr= s1s2
    The distance to be covered when crossing an object, whenever trains crosses an object will be equal to: Length of the train + Length of the object ( e.g. Train,Pole,Platform or Man)

    Upstream:- If a person or boat moves against the stream, it is called upstream.
    Downstream:- If a person or boat moves with the stream, it is called downstream.
    Assumption:-  When we simply say speed of the person or boat ,it usually means speed in still water.  Let,
    B = Velocity of the boat in still water
    S = Velocity of the stream.

    UpstreamWhile moving in upstream

    Speed (U) =  (B – S) Km/hr

    Downstream: In case of downstream

    Speed (D) =  (B + S) Km/hr
    Speed of boat in still water = ½ [  D+U ]
    Speed of the stream = ½ [ D-U ]

    Races: A contest of speed in running, riding, driving, sailing or rowing is called a race.
    Race Course: The ground or path on which contests are made is called a race course.
    Starting Point: The point from which a race begins is known as a starting point.
    Winning Point or Goal: The point set to bound a race is called a winning point or a goal.
    Dead Heat Race: If all the persons contesting a race reach the goal exactly at the same time, the race is said to be dead heat race.
    Start: Suppose A and B are two contestants in a race. If before the start of the race, A is at the starting point and B is ahead of A by 20 metres, then we say that ‘A gives B, a start of 20 metres’.
    To cover a race of 100 metres in this case, A will have to cover 100 metres while B will have to cover only (100 – 20) = 80 metres.
    In a 100 race, ‘A can give B 20 m’ or ‘A can give B a start of 12 m’ or ‘A beats B by 20 m’ means that while A runs 100 m, B runs (100 – 20) = 80 m.
    Games: ‘A game of 100, means that the person among the contestants who scores 100 points first is the winner’.
    If A scores 100 points while B scores only 80 points, then we say that ‘A can give B 20 points’.
     \ \

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