Noun For Competitive Exams

Jun 1 • Bank, English Notes • 1632 Views • No Comments on Noun For Competitive Exams

When it comes to English comprehension in competitive exams, noun plays a vital role.

Particularly noun add a very important portion for the preparation of exams such as IBPS, SSC and other government competitive examinations. Hence for the better understanding of the Noun for competitive exams here is the some brush up notes for all the aspirants of such exams.

Noun For Competitive Exams

Noun is defined as the name of person,thing, place and quality of a person.

Kinds of Noun

  • Common noun:-
  • It is a name given to the name to the whole spicy or a group i.e. generic names
  • Any singular form of noun which can be converted into plural form comes under common noun.
  • Such as boy, boys, girl , girls, teacher, teachers, student, students, etc.
  • Proper Noun:-
  • It defines the name given to some particular person, thing or place
  • Eg:-   Delhi Jaipur Jupiter, etc.
  • Proper noun has no plural form as it consists of particular and unique.
  • Collective Noun:-
  • It is defined as a collection of  persons or things which are treated and spoken together as a whole.
  • Eg:- Herd of cattle, bunch of keys, pack of cards,  team, jury, cluster of stars, Army, mob, etc.
  • Collective noun is always non living.
  • Material Noun:-
  • All measurable things are included in material noun.
  • Eg:-  goods, wood, plastic, water, iron, gold, etc.
  • Abstract Noun:-
  • It is defined as a quality, actions, feelings, concept and  ideas of a person.
  • Eg:- Honesty,  loyalty,  faithfulness,  bravery –  Quality
  • Eg:- Anger,  pity,  theft,  laughter –  Action
  • Eg:- Childhood,  friendship,  happiness,  upset,  old –  State.

Number Of noun

  • Noun can be in singular or in plural form
  • Eg:- Summons – Singular , Summonses – Plural , Datum -.Singular, Data – Plural, syllabus, syllabi, radius, radii, etc.
  • Eg:- The court issued two summonses against victim.

Gender of noun

  •  Noun consists of four gender:-
  1. Masculine Gender :- It denotes male sex. E.g.:- Tiger, father, lion, etc.
  2. Feminine Gender :- It denotes female sex. E.g.:- Woman, Nature, Earth, etc.
  3. Common Gender:- It denotes both male/female. E.g.:- Baby, teacher, etc.
  4. Neuter Gender:- It denotes non- living things. It has no sex. E.g.:- Copy, Book, Room, Paper, etc.In case of neuter gender ‘it’ will be used.

EXAMPLES :-

  1. Every boy and every girl have already done their work.

     Nature of every – Singular

     Have – gives plural sense

     Their – gives plural sense

  • Hence the sentence gives singular sense due to which have should be replaced by has and their should be replaced by her.
  • And since the second gender in the sentence is feminine so their should be replaced by her.
  • Every boy and every girl has already done her work.
  1. One should love his country.
  • His will be replaced by ones.
  1. Everyone should be faithful to his master.(Correct)
  • Incase when we don’t know the gender of the sentence then the male gender is to be preferred.
  • In case of no one, someone or anyone male gender is preferred.
  1. Neither Lata nor Ram have done their work.
  • Nature of Neither…Nor – Singular
  • ‘Have’ should be replaced by ‘ has’
  • ‘Their’ should be replaced by his/her. Since second gender used in the sentence is male so ‘their’ will be replaced by his.

Case Of Noun

  1. Nominative/ Subjective Case:-
  • It is a subject of a sentence.
  • Eg:- Mohan is my friend.
  • Eg: Ram Plays football.
  1. Objective/ Accusative Case:-
  • It is the object of a sentence.
  • Eg:- Who bought this book?
  • Eg:- She is my friend.
  1. Possessive/ Genitive case:-
  • It  shows the possession of something.
  • Eg:- She is Mohan’s wife.
  • Eg:- My parents’ house is a lovely old one.
Countable Noun Uncountable Noun
Example Stars, planets, minutes, chairs, etc Knowledge, milk, water, emotions, Feelings, etc.
Verb Singular verb with singular nounPlural verb with plural noun Only Singular verb will be used
Articles A, An, The can be used Only the can be used


E.g. – One of my
sisters are good at mathematics.(Wrong)Rule:- One + Of +Plural Noun  – Singular Verb.

      One of my sisters is good at mathematics.(Correct)

  • One out of all sisters,  so one gives a singular sense. Therefore, singular helping verb will be used.
  •  Hence with plural noun singular verb will be used.

E.g.- One of my students  deserve the first Prize in Science Olympiad.(Wrong)

      One of my students  deserves the first Prize in Science Olympiad. (Correct)

  • One out of all students, so one gives a singular sense. Therefore, singular helping verb will be used.
  • Hence with plural noun singular verb will be used.

Rule:- The Number + Of +Plural Noun- Singular Noun.

E.g.- The number of leaders have already lost moral character in political system.(Wrong)

       The number of leaders has already lost moral character in political system.(Correct)

  • Though the sentence has plural form of noun  but ‘the number’ gives a singular sense to the sentence therefore singular helping verb will be used.

E.g.- The number of officers have been lacking in their duties for many years.(Wrong)

      The number of officers has been lacking in his duties for many years.(Correct)

  • Though the sentence has plural form of noun  but ‘the number’ gives a singular sense to the sentence therefore singular helping verb will be used.
  • Use ‘his’ in place of their.

Rule:-  A number of + Plural Noun – Plural Verb

E.g.- A number of students is playing chess(Wrong)

     A number of students is playing chess|(Correct)

  • A number of gives plural sense  so full form of helping verb will be used.

Rule:- Many + a + Singular noun –  singular verb.

E.g.- Many a democratic countries are fighting against  the terrorism (Wrong)

      Many a democratic Country is fighting against  the terrorism (Correct)

  • Many used with countable noun (only for plural)
  • ‘a’  – indefinite article

Rule:- More+than+one + Singular noun – Singular verb.

E.g.- More than one students were present in the class.(Wrong)

      More than one student was present in the class.(Correct)

Rule:- Either +of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

Rule:- Any+of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

Rule:- One+of + Plural Noun – Singular Verb.

E.g.- Either of the players are going to do the bowling. (Wrong)

       Either of the player is going to do the bowling.(Correct)

Rule:- None Of +Plural noun – Plural Verb

E.g.- None of five democratic countries is making a mark of progress. (Wrong)

      None of five democratic countries is making a mark of progress. (Correct)

Note:- A lot of/ plenty of :-

  • Eg:- a lot of milk.
  • Uncountable +  singular noun
  • Eg:- a lot of books.
  • countable + plural noun
  • It always take both countable and uncountable noun.
  • Compound nouns:-
  •  India needs a  number of women doctors to improve the health system. (Correct)
  • Eg:- India needs a  number of female doctors to improve the health system.(Wrong)
  • Eg:- men-servants, women-doctors.
  • Eg:- man- servant , woman- doctor.
  • It is a noun in which both the parts are noun and when it is converted into plural form then both the parts must be in plural form.   
  • Slang (Noun):-
  • It is referred as  distorted English.
  • E.g.:- He is in teaching line. (Wrong)
  • He is in teaching profession.(Correct).
  • E.g.:- He is my history teacher. (Correct)
  • E.g.:- She is my English teacher (Wrong)
  • She is my teacher of English (Correct)
  • E.g.:- The English defeated french in the battle of Wandiwash.(Wrong)
  • The English defeated the French in the battle of Wandiwash (Correct)

NOTE:

  • Advice – Noun – Suggestion
  • Advices – information
  • Advise – Verb – Suggestion
  • Eg:- He gave many pieces of advice
  • Eg:- Police elicited a lot of advices from the criminal.
  • Eg:- He advised me to prepare for SSC CGL 2016.

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